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Crossover

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Crossover is a marketing term for a vehicle that derives from a car platform while borrowing features from a Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV).

A crossover uses a car's monocoque/unibody platform construction while forgoing the body on frame construction in use on most SUVs. The crossover combines, in highly variable degrees, the design features such as tall interior packaging, high H-point seating, high ground-clearance, or all-wheel-drive capability of the SUV—with design features from an automobile such as independent rear suspension, car-like handling, interior roominess and fuel economy. Crossovers typically are designed for only light off-road capability, if any at all.<ref name="cnn1">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref>

Origin

The term crossover began as a marketing term,<ref name="intelli">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref> and a 2008 CNNMoney article indicated that "many consumers can't tell the difference between an SUV and a crossover."<ref name="cnn1"/> A January, 2008 Wall Street Journal article called the CUVs, "wagons that look like sport utility vehicles but ride like cars,"<ref name="wsj1">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref> To avoid referring to their vehicles as station wagons, some nameplates will instead call them crossovers.<ref>http://usedcars.about.com/od/glossaryatoe/g/Crossovers.htm</ref>

While the segment has notable historical antecedents, it had come into strong visibility in the US by 2006, when crossover sales "made up more than 50% of the overall SUV market."<ref name="usatoday1">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref> Sales in the crossover market segment increased in 2007 by 16%,<ref name="wsj1"/> Notably in the US, the crossover segment is one of the few segments of the light truck market where import brands lead domestic brands,<ref name="cnn1"/> and the segment has strong appeal to aging baby boomers.<ref name="cnn1"/>

The broad spectrum of CUVs or crossovers includes:

The European MPV or large MPV may broadly resemble the crossover, including vehicles such as the Mercedes-Benz R-Class, VW Golf Plus, Ford Kuga, Renault Koleos and Ford S-Max. Notably, during the development of the Dodge Journey CUV, Dodge benchmarked the S-Max.<ref name="careviews.com">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref>

In 1998 the Lexus RX 300 became the first luxury crossover.<ref>http://www.autotrader.com/research/article/38309/first-drive-2010-lexus-rx-350.jsp</ref> In 2006, the Toyota RAV4 became the first small crossover SUV to add a 7-seat version during the redesign. Previously 7-seat seating was available only on the midsize crossover SUV's. Recently the Mercedes-Benz M-Class and Jeep Grand Cherokee SUV's which share a platform switched to the along with a rear independent suspension arrangement. The redesigned Dodge Durango and Ford Explorer will also switch to this layout. GAYOT.com lists the Top 10 Crossover Vehicles,<ref>Top 10 Crossover Vehicles published by GAYOT.com</ref>featuring the different varieties that are available today.

CUV models

A short list of current crossovers with their platform genealogy follows (similar vehicles are grouped together):

Model(s) Platform
Acura MDX Honda Odyssey
Audi Q7 Audi A6
Audi Q5/Audi Allroad Quattro Audi A4
Škoda Octavia Scout Škoda Octavia Combi
BMW X3 BMW E46 (BMW 3 Series)
BMW X6 BMW X5
Cadillac SRX Sigma platform (Cadillac CTS/STS)
Chevrolet Captiva/Saturn VUE GM Theta platform
Chrysler Pacifica Chrysler CS platform (Chrysler Town and Country/Dodge Caravan)
Ford Ecosport Ford B3 platform (Ford Fiesta)
Ford Flex Ford D4 platform
Ford Escape/Mazda Tribute/Mercury Mariner Ford CD2 platform
Ford Taurus X Ford D3 platform (Ford Five Hundred/Taurus)
Ford Territory Ford Falcon
Dodge Journey Dodge Avenger
Buick Enclave/Chevrolet Traverse/GMC Acadia/Saturn Outlook GM Lambda platform
Holden Adventra/HSV Avalanche Holden Commodore
Holden Crewman/HSV Avalanche XUV Holden Commodore
Honda Element Honda Civic
Honda Pilot Honda Odyssey
Hyundai Tucson/Kia Sportage (2nd) Hyundai Elantra
Hyundai Santa Fe/Hyundai Veracruz Hyundai Sonata
Infiniti EX Nissan FM platform
Infiniti FX Nissan FM platform (Infiniti G35)
Jeep Compass/Jeep Patriot Mitsubishi GS platform
Jeep Grand Cherokee (fourth generation)
Lincoln MKX/Ford Edge Ford CD3 platform (Lincoln Zephyr/MKZ, Ford Fusion)
Mazda CX-7 Mazda 6
Mazda CX-9 Mazda 6
Mercedes-Benz GLK-Class Mercedes-Benz W204
Mitsubishi Endeavor Mitsubishi Galant
Mitsubishi Outlander Mitsubishi Lancer
Nissan Murano Nissan Altima
Nissan Rogue Nissan Sentra
Nissan X-Trail Nissan Note
Peugeot 3008 Peugeot 308
Subaru Forester Subaru Impreza
Subaru Outback Subaru Legacy
Subaru Tribeca Subaru Legacy
Suzuki SX4 Suzuki Alto
Suzuki Grand Vitara/XL7 Suzuki SX4 Sedan
Toyota Kluger/Highlander Toyota Camry
Toyota Harrier/Lexus RX Toyota Kluger/Highlander
Toyota RAV4 Toyota Corolla
Volkswagen Tiguan Volkswagen Group A platform (Volkswagen Golf)
Volvo XC60 Volvo P24 platform
Volvo XC70 Volvo P24 platform
Volvo XC90 Volvo P2 platform (Volvo S80)

See also


External links