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Spanish Grand Prix

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Template:Country flagicon Spanish Grand Prix
Circuit de Catalunya
Circuit Catalunya.png
Laps 66
Circuit length 4.655 km (2.892 miles)
Race length 307.104 km (190.825 miles)
Most wins by single driver Template:Country flagicon Michael Schumacher (6)
Most wins by single constructor Template:Country flagicon Ferrari (11)
Last race (2010):
Winner Template:Country flagicon Mark Webber
Winning constructor Red Bull-Renault
Winning time 1h 35m 44.101s
(192.471 km/h)
Pole time 1:19.995
Pole driver Template:Country flagicon Mark Webber
Pole constructor Red Bull-Renault
Fastest lap 1:24.357
Fastest lap driver Template:Country flagicon Lewis Hamilton
Fastest lap constructor McLaren-Mercedes

The Spanish Grand Prix (Spanish: Gran Premio de España, Catalan: Gran Premi d'Espanya) is a Formula One race currently held at the Circuit de Catalunya in Barcelona, Spain, as part of the annual Formula One championship season.

History

The first Spanish Grand Prix in 1913 was not actually run to the Grand Prix formula of the day, but to touring car rules, taking place on a 300-kilometre road circuit at Guadarrama, near Madrid, on the road to Valladolid.

Motor racing events had taken place in Spain prior to that - the most notable among them being the Catalan Cup of 1908 and 1909, on roads around Sitges, near Barcelona. Both of these events were won by Jules Goux, establishing a strong racing tradition in Catalonia, which has continued to this day. This enthusiasm for racing led to the plan to build a permanent track at Sitges - a 2-kilometre (1.2 mi) oval which became known as Sitges-Terramar, and was the site of the 1923 Spanish Grand Prix.

After this first race, the track fell into financial difficulties, and the organizers had to look for another venue. In 1926, the Spanish Grand Prix moved to Circuito Lasarte on the northern coast, home of the main race in Spain during the twenties - the San Sebastián Grand Prix. The 1927 Spanish Grand Prix was part of the AIACR World Manufacturers' Championship, but the race was still not established and in 1928 and 1929 was run to sports car regulations.

The 1930 Spanish Grand Prix for sports cars, scheduled for July 27, was cancelled due to the bad economic situation following the Wall Street crash in October 1929. The 1931 and 1932 Spanish Grands Prix were also announced, only to be cancelled due to political and economical difficulties. Finally, in 1933 the Spanish Grand Prix was revived at Lasarte with government backing.

Following the 1935 race, Spain descended into civil war and racing stopped. In 1946, racing returned to Spain in the form of the Penya Rhin Grand Prix at the Pedralbes Circuit in Barcelona.

Spain did not return to the international calendar until 1951, joining the list of races of the Formula One championship, on the Pedralbes Circuit. In 1955, a terrible accident at the 24 Hours of Le Mans resulted in regulations governing spectator safety, and the pedestrian-lined street track at Pedralbes was dropped from the racing calendar.

Comeback

In the 1960s, Spain made a bid to return to the world of international motor racing - the Royal Automobile Club of Spain commissioned a new circuit north of Madrid at Jarama, and Cataluña refurbished their circuit at Montjuïc circuit in Barcelona. A non-championship Grand Prix took place at Jarama in 1967, which was won by Jim Clark racing in a Lotus.

In 1968, Jarama hosted the Spanish Grand Prix, near the beginning of the F1 season. It was agreed, following this event, that the race would alternate between Jarama and Montjuich.

The 1975 Grand Prix at Montjuich was marked by tragedy. There had been concerns about track safety during practice races, and double-winner Emerson Fittipaldi retired in protest after a single lap. On the 26th lap of the race, Rolf Stommelen's car crashed when the rear wing broke off, killing four spectators. The race was stopped later and won by Jochen Mass, though only half the points were awarded.

The Spanish Grand Prix was confined to Jarama until 1981, after which it was dropped from the racing calendar. In 1985, the Mayor of Jerez commissioned a new racing circuit in his town to promote tourism and sherries. The track, the Circuito Permanente de Jerez, was finished in time for the 1986 championship, which saw a furious battle between Ayrton Senna and Nigel Mansell, with the two cars finishing side by side. The stewards awarded the win to Senna, by 0.014 seconds - one of F1's closest finishes.

The 1990 Spanish Grand Prix was the last in Jerez (although Jerez did stage the European Grand Prix in 1994 and 1997). During the practice, Martin Donnelly's car was destroyed in a high-speed collision, and Donnelly was severely injured.

Work on the Circuit de Catalunya was underway in Barcelona, and in 1991, the event moved to this new track, where it has remained since. The 1992 event was advertised as the Grand Prix of the Olympic Games. Since that race the race has been held in early season, usually in late April or early May.

The Williamses dominated the first outings there, taking all victories until 1994. Michael Schumacher has won a total of six times, including his 1996 victory in heavy rain, which was his first for Ferrari. Mika Häkkinen took three victories and was on road for fourth in 2001 before his car failed on the last lap.

Since 2003 the race has been well attended thanks to success of Fernando Alonso. Alonso finished second in 2003 and 2005 before taking victory in 2006.

Sponsors

Gran Premio Talbot de España 1981
Gran Premio Tio Pepe de España 1986-1992
Gran Premio Marlboro de España 1993-2005
Gran Premio de España Telefónica 2006-

Winners of the Spanish Grand Prix

Multiple winners (drivers)

Embolded drivers are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season</br> A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.

# Wins Driver Years Won
6 Template:Country flagicon Michael Schumacher 1995, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
3 Template:Country flagicon Louis Chiron 1928, 1929, 1933
Template:Country flagicon Jackie Stewart 1969, 1970, 1971
Template:Country flagicon Nigel Mansell 1987, 1991, 1992
Template:Country flagicon Alain Prost 1988, 1990, 1993
Template:Country flagicon Mika Häkkinen 1998, 1999, 2000
2 Template:Country flagicon Emerson Fittipaldi 1972, 1973
Template:Country flagicon Mario Andretti 1977, 1978
Template:Country flagicon Ayrton Senna 1986, 1989
Template:Country flagicon Kimi Räikkönen 2005, 2008

Multiple winners (constructors)

A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.
A cream background indicates an event which was part of the pre-war European Championship.</br> Embolded teams are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season

# Wins Constructor Years Won<ref name=F1>Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref>
11 Template:Country flagicon Ferrari 1954, 1974, 1981, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008
8 Template:Country flagicon McLaren 1975, 1976, 1988, 1989, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005
7 Template:Country flagicon Lotus 1967, 1968, 1972, 1973, 1977, 1978, 1986
Template:Country flagicon Williams 1980, 1987, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1997
3 Template:Country flagicon Bugatti 1926, 1928, 1929
2 Template:Country flagicon Mercedes-Benz 1934, 1935

By year

Events which were not part of the Formula One World Championship are indicated by a pink background.</br> A cream background indicates an event which was part of the pre-war European Championship.

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
2010 Template:Country flagicon Template:Sortname Red Bull-Renault Catalunya Report
2009 Template:Country flagicon Template:Sortname Brawn-Mercedes Catalunya Report
2008 Template:Country flagicon Kimi Räikkönen Ferrari Catalunya Report
2007 Template:Country flagicon Felipe Massa Ferrari Catalunya Report
2006 Template:Country flagicon Fernando Alonso Renault Catalunya Report
2005 Template:Country flagicon Kimi Räikkönen McLaren-Mercedes Catalunya Report
2004 Template:Country flagicon Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
2003 Template:Country flagicon Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
2002 Template:Country flagicon Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
2001 Template:Country flagicon Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
2000 Template:Country flagicon Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Catalunya Report
1999 Template:Country flagicon Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Catalunya Report
1998 Template:Country flagicon Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Catalunya Report
1997 Template:Country flagicon Jacques Villeneuve Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1996 Template:Country flagicon Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
1995 Template:Country flagicon Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault Catalunya Report
1994 Template:Country flagicon Damon Hill Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1993 Template:Country flagicon Alain Prost Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1992 Template:Country flagicon Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1991 Template:Country flagicon Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1990 Template:Country flagicon Alain Prost Ferrari Jerez Report
1989 Template:Country flagicon Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Jerez Report
1988 Template:Country flagicon Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Jerez Report
1987 Template:Country flagicon Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Jerez Report
1986 Template:Country flagicon Ayrton Senna Lotus-Renault Jerez Report
1985
-
1982
Not held
1981 Template:Country flagicon Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari Jarama Report
1980 Template:Country flagicon Alan Jones Williams-Ford Jarama Report
1979 Template:Country flagicon Patrick Depailler Ligier-Ford Jarama Report
1978 Template:Country flagicon Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Jarama Report
1977 Template:Country flagicon Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Jarama Report
1976 Template:Country flagicon James Hunt McLaren-Ford Jarama Report
1975 Template:Country flagicon Jochen Mass McLaren-Ford Montjuïc circuit Report
1974 Template:Country flagicon Niki Lauda Ferrari Jarama Report
1973 Template:Country flagicon Émerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford Montjuïc circuit Report
1972 Template:Country flagicon Émerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford Jarama Report
1971 Template:Country flagicon Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Montjuïc circuit Report
1970 Template:Country flagicon Jackie Stewart March-Ford Jarama Report
1969 Template:Country flagicon Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Montjuïc circuit Report
1968 Template:Country flagicon Graham Hill Lotus-Ford Jarama Report
1967 Template:Country flagicon Jim Clark Lotus-Cosworth Jarama Report
1966
-
1955
Not held
1954 Template:Country flagicon Mike Hawthorn Ferrari Pedralbes Report
1953
-
1952
Not held
1951 Template:Country flagicon Juan Manuel Fangio Alfa Romeo Pedralbes Report
1950
-
1936
Not held
1935 Template:Country flagicon Rudolf Caracciola Mercedes-Benz Lasarte Report
1934 Template:Country flagicon Luigi Fagioli Mercedes-Benz Lasarte Report
1933 Template:Country flagicon Louis Chiron Alfa Romeo Lasarte Report
1932
-
1931
Not held
1930 Template:Country flagicon Achille Varzi Maserati Lasarte Report
1929 Template:Country flagicon Louis Chiron Bugatti Lasarte Report *
1928 Template:Country flagicon Louis Chiron Bugatti Lasarte Report *
1927 Template:Country flagicon Robert Benoist Delage Lasarte Report
1926 Template:Country flagicon Bartolomeo Costantini Bugatti Lasarte Report
1925
-
1924
Not held
1923 Template:Country flagicon Albert Divo Sunbeam Sitges-Terramar Report
1922
-
1914
Not held
1913 Template:Country flagicon Carlos de Salamanca Rolls-Royce Guadarrama Report *

* Sports car race

See also

References

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External links

Races in the Formula One championship:

Current

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Future
(confirmed)

New: Indian (2011)Template:· Russian (2014)
Returning: USA (2012)

Former

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