Continental Mark II
Wikicars, a place to share your automotive knowledge
|Continental Mark II|
|Production|| 1956 - 1957,|
3,000 (est.) Coupes, 3 Convertibles
|Body Style|| 2-door, 4-seat Coupe|
2-door, 4-seat Convertible
|Engine||6.0 litre Lincoln 368 in³ V8|
|Power|| 300 hp @ N/A rpm|
N/A lb-ft of torque @ N/A rpm
|Designer||John Reinhart and Gordon Buehrig|
The Continental Mark II was a car produced by the then newly formed Continental Division of the Ford Motor Company during 1956 and 1957. Many aficionados of the automobile consider the Continental Mark II one of the classics of the postwar period.
Its inspiration was the original V12 Lincoln Continental of the 1940s, which had been possibly the most notable car of the '40s. Ford, often regarded as producers of many competent cars but few exciting ones, felt that they needed a bit of that old glamor back.
Also in the mix was the other Continental, Bentley's, to which the car bore a reasonable resemblance both in looks (bar the front end) and in style.
The new Continental was intended to be the not the largest nor the most powerful automobile, but rather the most luxurious and elegant American car available. Aside from its '40s Continental inspiration, it was designed to recapture the spirit of the great classics of the prewar period, with prices to match.
What emerged was something quite unlike other American cars of the period. While other makes experimented with flamboyant styling, chrome everywhere, and all the glitz and glamor they could manage, the Continental Mark II was almost European in its simplicity of line and its understated grace. There was something of the style of the early Ford Thunderbird at the front, with a tasteful eggcrate grille and a long, curving hood with straight fenders to the headlights. A straight fender line went back to behind the doors, at which point the line kicked up a little before curving back down to the tail lights. In fact, it could be said that the Continental looked like the Thunderbird writ larger and more elegantly. Little chrome was used compared to other vehicles of the time, and the only two-tone paint combinations were limited to different-colored roofs than the body.
Emulating the original Continental, the Mark II had a spare tire hump in the trunk lid. For authenticity, the spare tire was actually mounted beneath this, unlike later Lincolns in which this was just a styling feature.
Technically, the Continental was never a Lincoln. A new division, the Continental Division, was formed to make it, and officially the car should be called only a Continental Mark II, but many ignored that. The car was sold through the Lincoln dealership and maintained through them. It bore the four-pointed star prominently on hood and (very large) on the trunk 'spare tire' that soon became the Lincoln emblem. The drivetrain was pure Lincoln, and the car's forebears and descendants were Lincolns. Therefore, they're commonly thought of as Lincolns.
That Lincoln drivetrain featured the new standard Lincoln 368 in³ (6.0 L) V8, effectively a factory blueprinted engine due to the selection of the best, most perfect to specifications parts from off the regular Lincoln production line, allied to a three-speed Lincoln automatic transmission. Both were subject to extensive testing before use.
Most of the car was effectively handbuilt to an exacting standard, including multiple coats of paint hand-sanded down and double-lacquered and polished to perfection.
At the car's selling price of $10,000, Ford estimated they lost over a thousand dollars per car, and $10,000 was equivalent to the cost of a new Rolls-Royce of the time, or more than two top-of-the-line Cadillacs. Compensated for inflation, this figure would be around $70,000 today; compensated against earnings, probably even greater. It was this high price that doomed the car. Only the very rich could afford one, and scarcely over 3000 cars were built; about 1300 were sold in the last quarter of 1955 after the car's October debut at the Paris Motor Show, another 1300 or so during 1956, and about 450 during 1957. At first, Ford was willing to lose money on each car because of the reflected glory on the rest of their range, but after the company became a public corporation, its tolerance for these losses fell. The recession of the late 1950s would have killed off the car anyway, in hindsight.
Famous owners included Elvis Presley, as well as Frank Sinatra, the Shah of Iran, and a cross-section of the richest men in America.
Today, approximately half of the cars still exist, about 1500 or so, in varying states of repair. There's an active owner's club, the Lincoln and Continental Owners Club, and most parts required to keep them going are available, helped by the car's using standard Lincoln mechanical components. Prices range between around $8000 for a running example in poor repair to around $120,000 in concours condition — thus, a car in perfect condition costs now, adjusted for inflation, about the same as the new one did in 1955.
From the vantage point of today we can say the Continental Mark II was successful at being what it was intended to be; an American Rolls-Royce or Bentley, and a recreation of the grand cars of the thirties. Unfortunately, the harsher economics of post-war life meant that there was no profit in building such a thing, and even as powerful a company as Ford couldn't stand to lose money for long.
1956 Continental Mark II Convertible, 137 th car produced, Body by Hess & Eisenhardt, made in August of 1955.
Lincoln Mark Series
|Henry M. Leland||Corporate website||A brand of the Ford PAG|