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Difference between revisions of "Lexus LS"

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[[Image:20_2007-LS-460.jpg|right|250px|2002 Lexus LS430]]
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{| border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=4 style="float:right; margin:0 0 .5em 1em; width:250px; background:#fff; border-collapse:collapse; border:1px solid #999; font-size:83%; line-height:1.5; " summary="Infobox Automobile"
The '''[[Lexus|Lexus]] LS''' is a V8-powered, rear wheel drive luxury car that serves as the flagship of [[Toyota]]'s luxury [[Lexus]] division. A length of almost five meters (200 in) gives the LS a "large car" classification in Europe as well as in the United States. According to reviews, the Lexus LS has one of the most silent cabins among modern cars and is sometimes hailed as one of the most refined, well-engineered and technologically advanced vehicles in the high-end luxury car segment. As the LS's suspension is tuned primarily for ride comfort and isolation, the model is often accused of not being as sporty as German competitors such as the [[BMW 7 Series]]. The exterior features superb fit-and-finish and one of the lowest drag coefficients of any sedan on the market.
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|- style="text-align:center; background:#f0f0f0;"
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| colspan=2 style="padding:0; background:#996; color:#fff; border-bottom:1px solid #999;" | [[Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-1small.JPG]]
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|- style="color:#fff; background:#996; font-size:larger;"
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! colspan=2 | '''Lexus LS'''
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|-
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! colspan=2 style="text-align:center; font-weight:normal; background:#ddb;" | [[Lexus]]
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|- style="vertical-align:top;"
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| AKA
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| Toyota Celsior
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|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#f0f0f0;"
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| Production
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| 1989–present
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|- style="vertical-align:top;"
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| Class
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| Full-Size Executive / Luxury
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|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#f0f0f0;"
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| Body Style
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| 4-door 4/5-seat [[Sedan]]
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|- style="vertical-align:top;"
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| Length
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| 198.0 in/202.8 in (5029 mm/5151 mm)
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|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#f0f0f0;"
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| Width
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| 73.8 in (1875 mm)
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|- style="vertical-align:top;
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| Height
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| 57.7 in (1476 mm)
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|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#f0f0f0;"
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| Wheelbase
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| 116.9 in/121.7 in (2969 mm/3091 mm)
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|- style="vertical-align:top;"
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| Weight
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| 4332 lbs (curb)/5480 lbs (GVWR) (1810 kg)
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|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#f0f0f0;"
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| Transmission
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| 8-speed Automatic, AWD and RWD
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|- style="vertical-align:top;"
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| Engine
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| 4.6 litre VVT-iE ''dual-injection'' [[DOHC]] [[V8]]
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|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#f0f0f0;"
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| Power
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| '''RWD'''<br>380 hp @ 6400 rpm <br> 367 lb-ft. of [[torque]] @ 4100 rpm<br><br>'''AWD'''<br>357 hp @ N/A rpm<br>344 lb-ft of [[torque]] @ N/A rpm
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|- style="vertical-align:top;"
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| Similar
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| [[Acura RL]]<br>[[Infiniti Q45]]<br>[[Maserati Quattroporte]]<br>[[BMW 7 Series]]<br>[[Mercedes-Benz S-Class]]<br>[[Audi A8]]<br>[[Porsche Panamera]]<br>[[Bentley Continental Flying Spur (2005)|Bentley Flying Spur]]<br>[[Jaguar XJ]]<br>[[Aston Martin Rapide]]<br>[[Volkswagen Phaeton]]
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|- style="vertical-align:top; background:#f0f0f0;"
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| Designer
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| [[Kunihiri Uchida]] (LS430)<br>[[Moritaka Yoshida]]<br>[[Simon Humphries]] (LS460)
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|}
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The '''[[Lexus|Lexus]] LS''' is a V8-powered, rear-wheel-drive luxury car that serves as the flagship of [[Toyota]]'s luxury [[Lexus]] division. A length of over five meters (200 in.) gives the LS a "large car" classification in Europe as well as in the United States. According to reviews, the Lexus LS has one of the most silent cabins among modern cars and is sometimes hailed as one of the most refined, well-engineered, and technologically advanced vehicles in the high-end luxury car segment. As the LS' suspension is tuned primarily for ride comfort and isolation, the model is often accused of not being as sporty as German competitors such as the [[BMW 7 Series]]. The exterior features superb fit and finish and one of the lowest drag coefficients of any sedan on the market.
  
==First generation (UF10)==
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===Recent Changes===
===UF10 I (1989)===
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* The 2009 [[Frankfurt Motor Show]] will play host to the unveiling of the LS range's first mid-cycle facelift set to go on sale in the 2010 model year.[http://carscoop.blogspot.com/2009/10/us-spec-2010-lexus-ls460-facelift-with.html]
The UF10 I LS 400 was produced from 1989 to 1994. The model introduced the [[Lexus|Lexus]] nameplate to the US, and soon after won critical acclaim, becoming ''Wheels'' magazine's Car of the Year and earning a place on ''Car and Driver'' magazine's Ten Best list for 1990. The LS 400 was initially intended to be introduced as a standalone model for [[Lexus|Lexus]], but ultimately was sold alongside the [[Lexus ES|ES 250]], an entry-level luxury car that was based on the [[Toyota Camry]]. In Japan, where the Lexus brand was not established, the vehicle was sold as the Toyota Celsior.
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===UF10 II (1993)===
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<gallery>
For the 1993 model year, the LS 400 (now designated as the UF10 II) was introduced with larger brake rotors, standard passenger's side front airbags, larger wheels and tires, and numerous other upgrades.
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Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-Sport-1.JPG
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Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-Sport-2.JPG
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Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-Sport-11.JPG
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Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-Sport-14.JPG
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</gallery>
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 +
* For 2009, Lexus introduced the '''LS460 AWD''' at the 2008 [[Moscow Motor Show]].[http://www.worldcarfans.com/9080820.013/lexus-ls-460-awd-to-debut-at-moscow-motor-show]
  
==Second generation (UF20)==
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<gallery>
[[Image:800px-1999_Lexus_LS.jpg|right|250px|1999 Lexus LS 400]]
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Image:9080820.013.Mini1L2.jpg
===UF20 III (1995)===
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Image:9080820.013.1L2.jpg
Introduced in 1995, the UF20 III LS 400 was an evolutionary redesign of the LS and featured a new body that eliminated 300 lb from the previous car. The wheelbase was increased by 1.4 in, resulting in more interior and trunk space, yet the overall length of the car remained at 196.7 in. The durability of the brake system was improved as well.  
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</gallery>
  
The most noticeable cosmetic upgrades included a new front fascia with an increased gap between the headlights and grille, new headlights and taillights,
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The LS Series of sedans were completely redesigned for 2007.
  
===UF20 IV (1998)===
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For the first time, the Lexus LS was offered in both standard and long wheelbase versions. Innovations on the latest LS sedans include the world's first eight-speed automatic transmission, real-time traffic updates, automatic parallel/reverse parking, and more luxury features than on previous models. The LS Series of luxury flagship sedans went on sale worldwide in late 2006, furthering Lexus' efforts to establish itself as a global luxury brand.
For the 1998 model year, the UF20 IV LS 400 was introduced. New interior amenities included retractable rear headrests, wood accents on the leather-bound steering wheel and gear selector, and a [[Navigation System|navigation system]] with a concealed antenna. A new "jam protection system" for the vehicle's windows was designed to reduce the risk of possible injury by preventing the windows from closing if an object came in between the window and the door frame. Door window controls were also added to the vehicle remote control.  
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[[Image:Lexus LS 460 002.jpg|thumb|right|450px|The long wheelbase [[Lexus]] LS 460 L in ''Black Sapphire Pearl''.]]
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[[Image:Lexus LS 460 003.jpg|thumb|right|450px|[[Lexus]] LS 460 and LS 460 L models.]]
  
Exterior updates included new five spoke wheels as well as redesigned rear view mirrors that reduced the amount of wind noise. The [[Automatic transmission|automatic]] headlights were now equipped with a delay feature that allowed the headlights to remain on while the occupants exited the vehicle.
+
===Styles and Major Options===
 +
* LS Series 4.6L petrol V8 RWD sedan
 +
**2007 LS 460
 +
**2007 LS 460 L
 +
* LS Series 5.0L hybrid V8 AWD sedan
 +
**2008 LS 600h
 +
**2008 LS 600h L
  
The revised LS 400 featured Toyota's new 290 [[HP|hp]] VVT-i UZ engine mated to a smooth five-speed [[Automatic transmission|automatic]] transmission. The drivetrain improvements not only enabled the 3,890 lb sedan to accelerate from 0-60 mph in 6.5 seconds but also improved the vehicle's fuel economy.
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'''Comfort Package &ndash; $1,290 (LS 460)'''
 +
* Heated steering wheel
 +
* Climate comfort front seats with heat/cool knob
 +
* Heated rear seats
 +
* Power rear sunshade
 +
* Headlamp washers
  
==Third generation (UF30)==
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'''Comfort Plus Package &ndash; $3,620 (LS 460)'''
[[Image:Lexsls430.jpg|right|250px|2002 Lexus LS 430]]
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* Heated steering wheel
===UF30 I (2001)===
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* Climate comfort front and rear seats with heat/cool knob
For 2001, the UF30 I '''LS 430''' was introduced. While previous LS redesigns were evolutionary, the 2001 update was a more thorough update of the model's exterior and interior. The UF30 had a completely redesigned suspension and a brand new 4.3 L engine generating 290&nbsp;[[HP|hp]] (216&nbsp;kW) and 320&nbsp;ft•lbf (434&nbsp;N•m) of torque. A three-inch wheelbase stretch resulted in more interior volume than the competing Mercedes-Benz S-Class and allowed the engine to be positioned farther rearward for better balance. Features such as Dynamic Laser Cruise Control, a DVD-based [[Navigation System|navigation system]] and heated & cooled seats became available. These and other features, such as sonar assisted parking, power rear seats with massage and a rear cooler were bundled in the 'Ultra Luxury Package.'
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* Power rear seats with memory and power headrests
 +
* Power rear sunshade
 +
* Headlamp washers
 +
* Rear-seat side airbags (SRS) 
 +
[[Image:Lexus LS 460 004.jpg|right|thumb|450px|The Lexus LS 460's forward instrumentation and touchscreen navigation system.]]
 +
'''Navigation System/Advanced Parking Guidance System Package (requires Intuitive Parking Assist) &ndash; $3,815 (LS 460)'''
 +
* Advanced Parking Guidance System
 +
* Lexus voice-activated HDD Navigation System with backup camera, Bluetooth<sup>®</sup> technology*, XM<sup>®</sup> Satellite Radio, and Real-Time Traffic capability (includes 90-day trial subscription)
 +
[[Image:Lexus LS 460 001.jpg|right|thumb|450px|The luxurious forward cabin of the Lexus LS.]]  
 +
'''Navigation System/Mark Levinson® Premium Audio System Package &ndash; $5,645 (LS 460)'''
 +
* Lexus voice-activated HDD Navigation System with backup camera, Bluetooth<sup>®</sup> technology*, XM<sup>®</sup> Satellite  Radio, and Real-Time Traffic capability (includes 90-day trial subscription)
 +
* Mark Levinson 19-speaker 450-watt @ 0.1% THD 20&ndash;20,000 Hz Reference Surround Sound Audio System with Hard Disk Drive, 7.1 architecture, and in-dash single-feed six-disc* DVD/CD auto-changer featuring DVD audio and DVD video playback
 +
 
 +
'''Navigation System/Mark Levinson Premium Audio System/Advanced Parking Guidance System Package (requires Intuitive Parking Assist) &ndash; $6,345 (LS 460)'''
 +
* Advanced Parking Guidance System
 +
* Lexus voice-activated HDD Navigation System with backup camera, Bluetooth<sup>®</sup> technology*, XM<sup>®</sup> Satellite Radio, and Real-Time Traffic capability (includes 90-day trial subscription)
 +
* Mark Levinson 19-speaker 450-watt @ 0.1% THD 20&ndash;20,000 Hz Reference Surround Sound Audio System with Hard Disk Drive, 7.1 architecture, and in-dash single-feed six-disc* DVD/CD auto-changer featuring DVD-audio and DVD-video playback
  
In the interior the most notable design changes included additional woodgrain trim on the dashboard and doors as well as the addition of an LCD screen on the center console. The exterior of the vehicle was completely new with the vehicle's dimensions increasing in terms of length and height.
+
'''Rear-Seat Upgrade Package (requires Luxury Package) &ndash; $1,625 (LS 460 L)'''
 +
* Four-zone automatic climate control with interior air filter, smog sensor, and automatic recirculation mode
 +
* Rear-seat air purifier
 +
* Rear-seat audio controls
 +
* Rear-seat cool box
 +
* Power rear-door sunshades
 +
 
 +
'''Luxury Package &ndash; $2,780 (LS 460 L)'''
 +
* Semianiline leather-trimmed interior
 +
* Climate comfort rear seats with heat/cool knob
 +
* Power rear seats with memory and power headrests
 +
* Ecsaine headliner
 +
* Rear-seat side airbags (SRS) 
 +
[[Image:Lexus LS 460 005.jpg|right|thumb|450px|The superluxury ''Executive Class Four-Seat Package'', exclusive to the<br>Lexus LS 460 L.]] 
  
===UF30 II (2004)===
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'''Touring Package &ndash; $2,985 (LS 460 L)'''
The UF30 II was introduced in 2004. [[Lexus|Lexus]] freshened the front & rear fascias and added as standard equipment previously optional features, such as a one-touch power [[Sunroof|moonroof]], power rear sunshade, and lighted rear-seat vanity mirrors. Some features previously included in the Custom and Ultra Luxury packages became available separately. The transmission got an added sixth gear, and keyless 'smart access' and [[Bluetooth]] technology became optional, while a pre-collision system, similar to Mercedes-Benz's Pre-Safe, which used millimeter-wavelength radar to predict crashes and allow distance-aware cruise control, was added as an option. Other updates included different wheels, projector headlamps, and LED taillights.
+
* 19 x 8.0-in alloy wheels with 245/45R19 Y-rated summer tires
 +
* Variable Gear Ratio Steering (VGRS)
 +
* Adaptive Variable Air Suspension (AVS)
 +
* High-friction brakes with larger rotors
 +
[[Image:G int11.jpg|thumb|right|450px|The LS' ceiling air diffusers and body temperature sensors are automotive climate control firsts.]]
 +
 
 +
'''Executive-Class Seating Package (special order only) &ndash; $12,675  (LS 460 L)'''
 +
* Four-person seating with rear fixed console
 +
* Semianiline leather-trimmed interior
 +
* Four-zone automatic climate control with rear-seat infrared temperature sensor, interior air filter, smog sensor, and automatic recirculation mode
 +
* Rear-seat air purifier
 +
* Right-rear power recliner with multifunction massager and leg rest
 +
* Climate comfort rear seats with heat/cool knob
 +
* Rear seat wood-trimmed table
 +
* Lexus DVD Rear-Seat Entertainment System (RSES) with power nine-inch screen and wireless headphones
 +
* Rear-seat audio controls
 +
* Rear-seat cool box
 +
* Power rear-door sunshades
 +
* Ecsaine headliner
 +
* Rear-seat side airbags (SRS)
  
The 2001 to 2006 LS 430 was the most reliable luxury sedan in the J.D. Power and Associates Initial Quality survey, and the early models of this series were the most reliable cars in the survey. In later studies of defects after 3 years of ownership, the LS 430 is also at the top of the pack.
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===Pricing===
 +
Today's actual prices for the [[Lexus]] [http://www.carsdirect.com/lexus/ls_460/prices LS 460 and the LS 460 L] can be found at CarsDirect.
  
==Fourth generation (UF40)==
 
[[Image:20_2007-LS-460.jpg|right|250px|2007 Lexus LS 460 UF40]]
 
===UF40 (2007)===
 
Introduced at the 2006 North American International Auto Show, a redesigned LS will arrive for the 2007 model year. Based on the LF-Sh concept vehicle, the new LS will use either a 4.6&nbsp;L [[V8]] producing 380 [[HP|hp]] (283&nbsp;kW) and 370&nbsp;ft•lbf (502&nbsp;N•m) or a [[hybrid car|hybrid]] V8. An 8-speed [[automatic transmission]] will be the world's first. The car's complex electronic and safety systems have been shown in detail at the Geneva Motor Show in February, while the [[Hybrid Cars|hybrid]] version had its debut at the New York Auto Show in April 2006.
 
  
New high-tech options on the LS 460 will include a 19-speaker "Reference Surround Sound System" with an 8 GB hard drive, front and rear climate-comfort seats, and a 4-zone climate control with an air purifier. A new [[Automatic transmission|automatic]] parking system with a push-button starting feature, as well as the 8-speed [[Automatic transmission|automatic]] transmission will both be standard features.
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{| border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=4 style="float:center; margin:0 0em 1em; width:collapse; background:#fff; border-collapse:collapse; border:1px solid #999; font-size:85%; line-height:2.5; " summary="Infobox Automobile"
 +
|- style="text-align:left; background:#f0f0f0;"
 +
|- style="color:#000000; background:#cccccc; font-size:larger; font-style:bold; text-align:left;"
 +
! colspan=4 |'''MODEL Trims'''
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|-
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#ddb;" | LS 460 RWD
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! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#f4f4da;" | LS 460 AWD
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! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#ddb;" | LS 460L RWD
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! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#f4f4da;" | LS 460L AWD
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|- style="text-align:left; background:#f0f0f0;"
 +
|- style="color:#fff; background:#811b33; font-size:larger; font-style:bold; text-align:left;"
 +
! colspan=4 |''MSRP''
 +
|-
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#ddb;" | $64,680
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#f4f4da;" | $68,205
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#ddb;" | $70,225
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#f4f4da;" | $73,750
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|- style="text-align:left; background:#f0f0f0;"
 +
|- style="color:#fff; background:#811b33; font-size:larger; font-style:bold; text-align:left;"
 +
! colspan=4 |''Invoice''
 +
|-
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#ddb;" | $Price1
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#f4f4da;" | $Price2
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#ddb;" | $Price3
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#f4f4da;" | $Price4
 +
|}
  
The 2007 LS will also mark the first time the car is sold under the [[Lexus|Lexus]] marque in Japan — the [[Lexus|Lexus]] brand was launched there in 2005 as part of [[Toyota]]'s vision to make [[Lexus|Lexus]] a 'global luxury brand.'
+
===Gas Mileage===
 +
''Add more fields as necessary.''
  
====LS 460 L====
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As seen on the [http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/findacar.htm FuelEconomy.gov] website, the City/Highway MPG averages are as follows:
For the first time, [[Lexus|Lexus]] will offer two wheelbases. The base '''LS 460''' will use the shorter 116.9&nbsp;in (2969&nbsp;mm) wheelbase, while the gasoline engine will also be offered as a long 121.7&nbsp;in (3091&nbsp;mm) wheelbase '''LS 460 L'''.
+
  
The LS 460L will also feature an optional rear seat comfort package. The package includes a reclining right-hand side rear seat with massage features. Both rear seats will feature an automatically operated footrest while an [[LCD screen]] will be an available option for the rear seat compartment.
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{| border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=4 style="float:center; margin:0 0em 1em; width:collapse; background:#fff; border-collapse:collapse; border:1px solid #999; font-size:85%; line-height:2.5; " summary="Infobox Automobile"
 +
|- style="text-align:left; background:#f0f0f0;"
 +
|- style="color:#000000; background:#cccccc; font-size:larger; font-style:bold; text-align:left;"
 +
! colspan=4 |'''Trim'''
 +
|-
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#ddb;" | RWD
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#f4f4da;" | AWD
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#ddb;" | Trim3
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#f4f4da;" | Trim4
 +
|- style="text-align:left; background:#f0f0f0;"
 +
|- style="color:#000000; background:#cccccc; font-size:larger; font-style:bold; text-align:left;"
 +
! colspan=4 |'''MPG'''
 +
|-
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#ddb;" | 16/24
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#f4f4da;"| 16/23
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#ddb;" | c/h
 +
! style="text-align:left; font-weight:large; background:#f4f4da;"| c/h
 +
|}
  
====LS 600h L====
+
===Engine and Transmission===
 +
Specifications, details, graphs, pictures and other information regarding the powertrain is placed in this section.
  
[[Lexus|Lexus]] introduced the '''LS 600h L''' as the world's first V8-powered full [[Hybrid Cars|hybrid]] to the audience at the 2006 New York Auto Show.  Introduced only in long-wheelbase form (it will be available in other parts of the world in both wheelbases), the LS 600h L uses a 5.0&nbsp;L V8 engine mated to a high-output electric motor with [[Battery Technology|Nickel-Metal Hydride]] battery packs to generate a total of 430&nbsp;[[HP|hp]] (321&nbsp;kW) which is comparable to the [[BMW 7 Series|BMW 760Li]]'s 438&nbsp;[[HP|hp]] (327&nbsp;kW) V12.  The LS 600h L will be available with an all-wheel drive system and a two-stage continuously variable (CVT) transmission. [[Lexus|Lexus]] is also predicting the LS 600h will be certified as an [[Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle|SULEV]] vehicle. It claims the LS 600h is the most technologically advanced vehicle in the world.
+
*Engine: 4.6 litre VVT-iE ''dual-injection'' [[V8]]
  
More details such as curb weight, price (speculated to be in the region of $90,000) are yet to be released.
+
'''Power'''
  
====Advanced Safety Systems====
+
*RWD: 380 hp @ N/A rpm<br>367 lb-ft of [[torque]] @ N/A rpm
At the same time the [[Hybrid Cars|hybrid]] model debuts [[Lexus|Lexus]] will offer its Advanced Pre Collision system, with such features as a driver monitoring camera (to sound an alarm if the system determines the driver's attention is needed), stereo video cameras and millimeter radar for advanced obstacle detection, pre-crash braking, and lane keeping assist, which nudges the car back in line if it strays from its intended lane on the highway. The system will also feature rearward-facing radar to detect impending rear collisions and prime the active headrests to reduce injury to passengers.
+
*AWD: 357 hp @ N/A rpm<br>344 lb-ft of [[torque]] @ N/A rpm
 +
 
 +
'''0-60 mph Acceleration'''
 +
 
 +
*RWD: 5.4 seconds
 +
*AWD: 5.9 seconds
 +
 
 +
===Performance===
 +
Please make sure to '''''write information of the vehicle's performance in a third-person point of view'''''. This section should include information about the car's '''acceleration figures''', '''handling''', '''braking''', etc.
 +
 
 +
If using information gathered from Road Test articles from a reputable automotive source, then '''''please make sure to cite the quote'''''.
 +
 
 +
===Reliability===
 +
*The Lexus LS is considered one of the finest automobiles in the world, particularly in terms of reliability and build quality, generally regarded as excellent and surpassing all of its major rivals. The Lexus LS has also won many consecutive awards as a top vehicle in the J.D. Power surveys.
 +
 
 +
*'''Recall Alert:''' On Jan 17, 2009, Lexus, in conjunction with the NHTSA, issued a recall alert affecting 214,500 2006&ndash;08 GS300/350, IS250/350, and LS460/460L sedans over potentially faulty fuel delivery pipes that can corrode and leak due to certain ethanol fuels with low moisture content that can lead to rust, occasionally triggering a dashboard indicator lamp indicating a system malfunction. Lexus will be contacting owners of affected vehicles via e-mail, and Lexus dealers will replace parts at no cost. [http://www.autoblog.com/2009/01/17/lexus-recalling-214-500-gs-is-and-ls-models/]
 +
 
 +
*'''Recall Alert:''' [http://carscoop.blogspot.com/2010/05/toyota-to-recall-11500-lexus-ls-models.html Toyota to Recall 11,500 Lexus LS Models Worldwide ]
 +
 
 +
===Colors===
 +
[[Image:LS 460 Platinum.jpg|thumb|right|400px|The Lexus LS 460 L in ''Mercury Metallic.'']]
 +
[[Image:G ext8.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Design features on the LS include integrated rear exhaust vents and LED taillamps.]]
 +
<div style="border-color: rgb(102, 102, 102); position: relative; padding-bottom: 0px;" >
 +
  <table border="1">
 +
    <tr>
 +
      <td height="20" width="145">'''Exterior Colors'''</td>
 +
      <td height="20" width="73">'''Base'''</td>
 +
    </tr>
 +
  </table>
 +
  <table border="1" bordercolor="#0000FF">
 +
    <tr bordercolor="#FFFFFF">
 +
      <td  width="145">Black Sapphire Pearl</td>
 +
      <td width="73"  bgcolor="#203d55">&nbsp;</td>
 +
    </tr>
 +
  </table>
 +
  <table border="1">
 +
    <tr>
 +
      <td  height="20" width="145">Nobel Spine Mica</td>
 +
      <td  bgcolor="#8b0000" width="73">&nbsp;</td>
 +
    </tr>
 +
  </table>
 +
  <table border="1">
 +
    <tr>
 +
      <td height="20" width="145">Verdigris Mica</td>
 +
      <td bgcolor="#2f4f4f" width="73">&nbsp;</td>
 +
    </tr>
 +
  </table>
 +
  <table border="1">
 +
    <tr>
 +
      <td  height="20" width="145">Golden Almond Metallic</td>
 +
      <td  bgcolor="#FFEBCD" width="73">&nbsp;</td>
 +
    </tr>
 +
  </table>
 +
  <table border="1">
 +
    <tr>
 +
      <td height="20" width="145">Starfire Pearl</td>
 +
      <td  bgcolor="#ffffff" width="73">&nbsp;</td>
 +
    </tr>
 +
  </table>
 +
  <table border="1">
 +
    <tr>
 +
      <td  height="20" width="145">Mercury Metallic</td>
 +
      <td  bgcolor="#ccd2d0" width="73">&nbsp;</td>
 +
    </tr>
 +
  </table>
 +
  <table border="1">
 +
    <tr>
 +
      <td height="20" width="145">Smoky Granite Mica</td>
 +
      <td  bgcolor="#717775" width="73">&nbsp;</td>
 +
    </tr>
 +
</table>
 +
  <table border="1">
 +
    <tr>
 +
      <td height="20" width="145">Obsidian</td>
 +
      <td bgcolor="#060607" width="73">&nbsp;</td>
 +
    </tr>
 +
  </table>
 +
 
 +
</div>
 +
 
 +
<div style="border-color: rgb(98, 89, 178); position: relative;" >
 +
  <div style="position: relative;" >
 +
    <div style="padding: 2px; position: relative;">&nbsp;</div>
 +
  </div>
 +
</div>
 +
<div style="border-color: rgb(102, 102, 102); position: relative; padding-bottom: 0px;" >
 +
  <div style="position: relative; top: 0px;">
 +
    <table border="1">
 +
      <tr>
 +
        <td  height="20" width="140">'''Interior Colors'''</td>
 +
        <td height="20" width="76">'''Base'''</td>
 +
      </tr>
 +
    </table>
 +
 
 +
    <table border="1">
 +
      <tr>
 +
        <td  height="20" width="140">Cashmere</td>
 +
        <td bgcolor="#FAEBD7" width="76">&nbsp;</td>
 +
      </tr>
 +
    </table>
 +
    <table border="1">
 +
      <tr>
 +
        <td  height="20" width="140">Light Gray</td>
 +
        <td bgcolor="#c0c0c0" width="76">&nbsp;</td>
 +
      </tr>
 +
    </table>
 +
    <table border="1">
 +
      <tr>
 +
        <td  height="20" width="140">Alabaster</td>
 +
        <td bgcolor="#FDF5E6" width="76">&nbsp;</td>
 +
      </tr>
 +
    </table>
 +
    <table border="1">
 +
      <tr>
 +
        <td  height="20" width="140">Black</td>
 +
        <td bgcolor="#1b1b1b" width="76">&nbsp;</td>
 +
      </tr>
 +
    </table>
 +
  </div>
 +
</div>
 +
{{clear}}
 +
 
 +
==Hybrid Models==
 +
{{main|Lexus LS 600h L}}
 +
Lexus introduced the LS 600h L, the world's first V8-powered full hybrid, at the 2006 New York Auto Show. The LS 600h L uses a 5.0 L V8 engine mated to a high-output electric motor with Nickel-Metal Hydride battery packs to generate over 440 hp (328 kW). The LS 600h L will be available with an all-wheel drive system and a two-stage continuously variable (CVT) transmission. Lexus claims the LS hybrid is the most technologically advanced vehicle in the world, and predicts that the vehicle will be certified as a SULEV vehicle. Because of the silent nature of its hybrid design, the LS hybrid may be the quietest sedan in the world. More details such as curb weight and engine specifications are yet to be released. The LS hybrid will feature one of the world's first LED headlight systems, a leather-trimmed dash, and different exterior colors. Differently hued trunk "600h" and side chrome "hybrid" badges are also unique to the LS hybrids. U.S. base pricing is $104,000.
 +
 
 +
==Generations==
 +
[[Image:G ext5.jpg|right|300px]]
 +
{{-}}
 +
===Current generation (2007&ndash;Present)===
 +
[[Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-Sport-8.JPG|right|frame|2010 Lexus LS 460 in ''Sport Package''.]]
 +
[[Image:20_2007-LS-460.jpg|thumb|right|375px|2008 Lexus LS 600h L in ''Black Sapphire Pearl''.]]
 +
Introduced at the 2006 North American International Auto Show, a redesigned LS arrived for the 2007 model year. Based on the LF-Sh concept vehicle, the new LS features a 4.6&nbsp;L [[V8]] producing 380 [[HP|hp]] (283&nbsp;kW) and 370&nbsp;ft•lbf (502&nbsp;N•m), or a hybrid, V8. An 8-speed [[automatic transmission]] is the world's first. The car's complex electronic and safety systems have been shown in detail at the Geneva Motor Show in February, while the [[Hybrid Cars|hybrid]] version had its debut at the New York Auto Show in April 2006.
 +
 
 +
New high-tech options on the LS 460 include a 19-speaker "Reference Surround Sound System" with an 8 GB hard drive, front and rear climate-comfort seats, 4-zone climate control with air purifier, and a new automatic parking system. Lexus SmartAccess with a push-button starting feature, as well as the 8-speed [[Automatic transmission|automatic]] transmission, are both standard features.
 +
 
 +
The 2007 LS marks the first time the car is sold under the [[Lexus|Lexus]] marque in Japan; the [[Lexus|Lexus]] brand was launched there in 2005 as part of [[Toyota]]'s vision to make [[Lexus|Lexus]] a "global luxury brand". For the first time, [[Lexus|Lexus]] offers two wheelbases. The base '''LS 460''' uses the shorter 116.9&nbsp;in (2969&nbsp;mm) wheelbase, while the gasoline engine is also offered as a long 121.7&nbsp;in (3091&nbsp;mm) wheelbase, the '''LS 460 L'''. The LS 460L also features an optional rear-seat comfort package. The package includes a reclining passenger's-side rear seat with massage features and an automatically operated footrest. An LCD screen is an available option for the rear seat compartment.
 +
 
 +
[[Lexus|Lexus]] introduced the '''LS 600h L''' as the world's first V8-powered full [[Hybrid Cars|hybrid]] to the audience at the 2006 New York Auto Show. Introduced only in long-wheelbase form (it will be available in other parts of the world in both wheelbases), the LS 600h L uses a 5.0&nbsp;L V8 engine mated to a high-output electric motor with [[Battery Technology|Nickel-Metal Hydride]] battery packs to generate a total of 430&nbsp;[[HP|hp]] (321&nbsp;kW), which is comparable to the [[BMW 7 Series|BMW 760Li]]'s 438&nbsp;[[HP|hp]] (327&nbsp;kW) V12. The LS 600h L will be available with an all-wheel drive system and a two-stage continuously variable (CVT) transmission. [[Lexus|Lexus]] is also predicting that the LS 600h will be certified as an [[Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle|SULEV]] vehicle. It claims the LS 600h is the most technologically advanced vehicle in the world. More details such as curb weight and price (speculated to be in the region of $90,000) are yet to be released.
 +
 
 +
At the same time the [[Hybrid Cars|hybrid]] model debuts, [[Lexus|Lexus]] will offer its Advanced Precollision system, with such features as a driver monitoring camera (to sound an alarm if the system determines the driver's attention is needed), stereo video cameras, and millimeter radar for advanced obstacle detection, precrash braking, and lane keeping assist (not available on LS600h), which nudges the car back in line if it strays from its intended lane on the highway. The system will also feature rearward-facing radar to detect impending rear collisions and prime the active headrests so as to reduce injury to passengers.
 +
 
 +
'''2010 Exterior'''
 +
<gallery>
 +
Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-1.JPG
 +
Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-Sport-4.JPG
 +
Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-4.JPG
 +
Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-Sport-6.JPG
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
'''2010 Interior'''
 +
<gallery>
 +
Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-Sport-11.JPG
 +
Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-Sport-13.JPG
 +
Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-17.JPG
 +
Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-28.JPG
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
'''Nav'''
 +
 
 +
<gallery>
 +
Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-21.JPG
 +
Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-Sport-15.JPG
 +
Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-Sport-16.JPG
 +
Image:2010-Lexus-LS460-Sport-17.JPG
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
===Third generation (2001&ndash;06)===
 +
[[Image:Lexsls430.jpg|thumb|right|375px|2005 Lexus LS 430 in ''Mercury Metallic''.]]
 +
For 2001, the UCF30 I '''LS 430''' was introduced. While previous LS redesigns were evolutionary, the 2001 update was a more thorough update of the model's exterior and interior. The UCF30 had a completely redesigned suspension and a brand new 4.3 L engine, generating 290&nbsp;[[HP|hp]] (216&nbsp;kW) and 320&nbsp;ft•lbf (434&nbsp;N•m) of torque. A three-inch wheelbase stretch resulted in more interior volume than the competing Mercedes-Benz S-Class and allowed the engine to be positioned farther rearward for better balance. Features such as Dynamic Laser Cruise Control, a DVD-based [[Navigation System|navigation system]], and heated & cooled seats became available. These and other features, such as sonar assisted parking, power rear seats with massage, and a rear cooler, were bundled in the "Ultra Luxury Package."
 +
 
 +
In the interior, the most notable design changes included additional woodgrain trim on the dashboard and doors as well as the addition of an LCD screen on the center console. The exterior of the vehicle was completely new, with the vehicle's dimensions increasing in terms of length and height.
 +
 
 +
The UCF30 II was introduced in 2004. [[Lexus|Lexus]] freshened the front & rear fascias and added as standard equipment previously optional features, such as a one-touch power [[Sunroof|moonroof]], power rear sunshade, and lighted rear-seat vanity mirrors. Some features previously included in the Custom and Ultra Luxury packages became available separately. The transmission got an added sixth gear, and keyless "smart access" and [[Bluetooth]] technology became optional, while a precollision system, similar to Mercedes-Benz's Pre-Safe, which used millimeter-wavelength radar to predict crashes and allow distance-aware cruise control, was added as an option. Other updates included different wheels, projector headlamps, and LED taillights.
 +
 
 +
The 2001 to 2006 LS 430 was the most reliable luxury sedan in the J.D. Power and Associates Initial Quality survey, and the early and late models of this series were the most reliable cars in the survey. In later studies of defects after three years of ownership, the LS 430 is also at the top of the pack.
 +
 
 +
===Second generation (1995&ndash;2000)===
 +
[[Image:LS 400 1995.jpg|left|375px|thumb|1995 Lexus LS 400 in ''Moonstone Pearl''.]]
 +
Introduced in November 1994, the UCF20 I LS 400 was an evolutionary redesign of the LS and featured a new body that eliminated 300 lb from the previous car. The wheelbase was increased by 1.4 in., resulting in more interior and trunk space, yet the overall length of the car remained at 196.7 in. The durability of the brake system was improved as well.
 +
 
 +
The most noticeable cosmetic upgrades included a new front fascia with an increased gap between the headlights and grille, new headlights, and new taillights.
 +
 
 +
For the 1998 model year, the UCF20 II LS 400 was introduced. New interior amenities included retractable rear headrests, wood accents on the leather-bound steering wheel and gear selector, and a [[Navigation System|navigation system]] with concealed antenna. A new "jam protection system" for the vehicle's windows was designed to reduce the risk of possible injury by preventing the windows from closing if an object came between the window and the door frame. Door window controls were also added to the vehicle remote control.
 +
 
 +
Exterior updates included new five-spoke wheels as well as redesigned rear view mirrors that reduced the amount of wind noise. The [[Automatic transmission|automatic]] headlights were now equipped with a delay feature that allows the headlights to remain on while the occupants exited the vehicle.
 +
 
 +
The revised LS 400 featured Toyota's new 290 [[HP|hp]] VVT-i UZ engine mated to a smooth five-speed [[Automatic transmission|automatic]] transmission. The drivetrain improvements not only enabled the 3,890-lb. sedan to accelerate from 0&ndash;60 mph in 6.5 seconds but also improved the vehicle's fuel economy.
 +
 
 +
===First generation (1989&ndash;94)===
 +
[[Image:LS 400 1989.JPG|right|400px|thumb||The original Lexus LS 400 in ''Diamond White Pearl.'']]
 +
The UCF10 I LS 400 was produced from 1989 to 1994. The model introduced the [[Lexus|Lexus]] nameplate to the U.S., and soon after won critical acclaim, becoming ''Wheels'' magazine's Car of the Year and earning a place on ''Car and Driver'' magazine's Ten Best list for 1990. The LS 400 was initially intended to be introduced as a standalone model for [[Lexus|Lexus]], but ultimately was sold alongside the [[Lexus ES|ES 250]], an entry-level luxury car that was based on the [[Toyota Camry]]. In Japan, where the Lexus brand was not established, the vehicle was sold as the Toyota Celsior.
 +
 
 +
For the 1993 model year, the LS 400 (now designated as the UCF10 II) was introduced with larger brake rotors, standard passenger's-side front airbags, larger wheels and tires, and numerous other upgrades.
  
 
==Technical Specifications==
 
==Technical Specifications==
<center>
+
 
{| class="wikitable" align="center"
+
<table border=1 tablecolor=#000000 bordercolor=#000008>
!colspan=5| [[Lexus|Lexus]] LS 400/430 model years
+
<tr bgcolor=#f5f5f5>
|-
+
<td colspan=6 align="center">
!
+
'''Lexus LS model year'''
! 1990–1994
+
</td>
! 1995–1997
+
</tr>
! 1998–2000
+
<tr bgcolor=#F0F8FF>
! 2001–present
+
<td>
|-
+
</td>
| Gears
+
<td>
| 4
+
1990–1994  
| 4
+
</td>
| 5
+
<td>
| 5–6
+
1995–1997
|-
+
</td>
| Power
+
<td>
| 173&nbsp;kW (250&nbsp;[[HP|hp]])
+
1998–2000  
| 186&nbsp;kW (260&nbsp;[[HP|hp]])
+
</td>
| 214&nbsp;kW (290&nbsp;[[HP|hp]])
+
<td>
| 214&nbsp;kW (290&nbsp;[[HP|hp]])
+
2001–2006
|-
+
</td>
| Torque
+
<td>
| 353&nbsp;Nm (260 ft•lbf)@4400rpm
+
2007-
| 366&nbsp;Nm (270 ft•lbf)@4500rpm
+
</td>
| 407&nbsp;Nm (300 ft•lbf)@4000rpm
+
</tr>
| 434&nbsp;Nm (320 ft•lbf)@3400rpm
+
<tr bgcolor=#ffffcc>
|}
+
<td>
</center>
+
'''Gears'''
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
4
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
4
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
5
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
5-6
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
8*
 +
</td>
 +
<tr bgcolor=#ffffcc>
 +
<td>
 +
'''Power'''
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
173 kW (250 hp)
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
186 kW (260 hp)
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
214 kW (290 hp)
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
214 kW (290 hp)
 +
<td>
 +
283 kW (380 hp)*
 +
</td>
 +
<tr bgcolor=#ffffcc>
 +
<td>
 +
'''Torque'''
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
353 Nm (260 ft•lbf) @4400 rpm
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
366 Nm (270 ft•lbf) @4500 rpm
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
407 Nm (300 ft•lbf) @4000 rpm
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
 +
434 Nm (320 ft•lbf) @3400 rpm
 +
<td>
 +
498 Nm (367 ft•lbf) @4100 rpm*
 +
</td>
 +
<table/>
 +
<br/>
 +
''*LS 460 and LS 460 L model versions, excluding hybrids''
 +
 
 
==Future possibilities==
 
==Future possibilities==
Critics point out the absence of a range-topping [[V12]] as another significant omission in the [[Lexus|Lexus]] lineup. The closest competitors to the upcoming LS 460 such as the [[Mercedes-Benz S-Class]] offer range-topping S600 and S65 AMG sedans with powerful V12 engines and prices exceeding US$120,000. For 2007, a gasoline-electric [[Hybrid Cars|hybrid]] variant currently dubbed the LS 600h L (see above) will become available in the [[Lexus|Lexus]] lineup and is expected to boost the esteem of the [[Lexus|Lexus]] LS. Critics, however doubt whether [[Lexus|Lexus]] will be able to command more than $12,000 premium over LS 460 L, thereby resulting in a MSRP in $80,000-85,000 range for LS600h L; still $15,000 short of the $100K ultra-luxury segment mark.
+
For 2007, a gasoline-electric [[Hybrid Cars|hybrid]] variant, the LS 600h L (see above) became available in the [[Lexus|Lexus]] lineup. The LS 600h L is expected to boost the esteem of the [[Lexus|Lexus]] LS; critics had pointed out the absence of a range-topping [[V12]] as a significant omission in the [[Lexus|Lexus]] lineup. The closest competitors to the LS 460, such as the [[Mercedes-Benz S-Class]], offer range-topping S600 and S65 AMG sedans with powerful V12 engines and prices exceeding US$120,000. Critics' doubts on whether [[Lexus|Lexus]] would be able to command more than a $12,000 premium over the LS 460 L were dispelled in spring 2007, when Lexus announced a $104,000 base MSRP for the LS600h, exceeding the $100K ultra-luxury segment mark.
  
Rumors persist that a new and improved version of a Toyota V12 used in the Japanese [[Toyota Century]] will be upgraded to more than 500 [[HP|hp]] (currently 280 [[HP|hp]]) for the European and North American markets to more successfully compete in the ultra-luxury segment with the [[Mercedes-Benz S-Class|Mercedes-Benz S600]] and [[BMW 7-Series|BMW 760]], but nothing concrete has been confirmed by Toyota.
+
Rumors persist that a new and improved version of a Toyota V12, the 1GZ-FE (used in the Japanese [[Toyota Century]]) will be upgraded to more than 500 [[HP|hp]] (currently 280 [[HP|hp]]) for the European and North American markets to more successfully compete in the ultra-luxury segment with the [[Mercedes-Benz S-Class|Mercedes-Benz S600]] and [[BMW 7 Series|BMW 760]], but nothing concrete has been confirmed by Toyota.
  
 
==Awards==
 
==Awards==
 
The LS has received numerous awards since its introduction.  
 
The LS has received numerous awards since its introduction.  
*The first-generation LS earned a place on ''Car and Driver'' magazine's Ten Best list and became ''Wheels'' magazine's Car of the Year.
+
* The Lexus LS has won the '''J.D. Power''' award for the ''"Best High-end Luxury Sedan"'' 12 years in a row, the most for any manufacturer, due to vehicle dependability.
* The LS 430 was judged as the "Finest Luxury Sedan In America" by Automotive Marketing Consultants, Inc. in a 2002 comparison test. Competing against ten other luxury models, including the [[Mercedes-Benz S-Class|Mercedes S500]] and the [[BMW 7-Series|BMW 750iL]], the LS placed first in three out of seven categories: NVH, ergonomics, and utility. The LS 430 was also the quietest car in the comparison, with an idle reading of just 31.1 decibels in the front seat.
+
* The Lexus LS was the highest-ranked vehicle in the '''J.D. Power''' ''Initial Quality Survey'' for seven consecutive years, from 1997 to 2003. In 2004 and 2005, the Lexus LS 430 was second only to the Lexus SC 430 in the Initial Quality Survey. The LS 430 was again ranked in the top spot in 2006.
 +
* In 2006, '''Consumer Reports''' awarded the Lexus LS as the highest-ranked vehicle in reliability in the luxury car class and gave it the ''"Best Car We Ever Tested"'' title, continuing the Lexus trend of scoring highly on Consumer Reports surveys. Based on Consumer Reports, a five-year-old Lexus LS is more reliable and dependable than a brand new BMW 7 series, Mercedes S-class, or Audi A8, owing to the wide disparity in reliability scores between the top-ranked LS and below-average German makes.
 +
* The 2005 '''J.D. Power''' ''Vehicle Dependability Study'' found just 90 problems per 100 LS vehicles, the first time in the study's 16-year history for a vehicle to have less than one problem per vehicle. In 2006, the Lexus LS repeated this feat, averaging just 88 problems per 100 vehicles.
 +
* The Lexus LS 430 was named the ''Most Appealing Premium Luxury Car'' by '''J.D. Power''' in 2001. The second-generation LS 400 was also named Most Appealing Premium Luxury Car in 1996.
 +
* In 1989, the '''Motoring Press Association''' of the U.S. named the LS 400 the ''Best Imported Car of the Year''.
 +
* The first-generation LS earned a place on '''Car and Driver''' magazine's ''Ten Best list'' and became '''Wheels''' magazine's ''Car of the Year''.
 +
* The 1991 LS 400 was named ''Best New Luxury Sedan'' and awarded the ''Car of the Year'' title at the '''Canadian Car of the Year''' awards, selected by the Automobile Journalists Association of Canada.
 +
* The LS 400 was named the ''Best Import Car'' of 1993 by '''Robb Report'''.
 +
* '''Automobile Magazine''' in 2005 listed the first Lexus LS 400 as one of the ''24 Most Important Vehicles of the 20th Century'', a title it bestowed on the vehicle in 1996.
 +
* The LS 430 was judged as the ''"Finest Luxury Sedan in America"'' by '''Automotive Marketing Consultants, Inc.''' in a 2002 comparison test. Competing against ten other luxury models, including the Mercedes S500 and the BMW 750iL, the LS placed first in three out of seven categories: NVH, ergonomics, and utility. The LS 430 was also the quietest car in the comparison, with an idle reading of just 31.1 dB in the front seat.
 +
* '''Car and Driver''' magazine awarded the 2004 LS 430 first place in a December 2003 comparison test of $70,000 luxury sedans. The LS 430 ranked above competing vehicles from Audi, BMW, Jaguar, Mercedes-Benz, and Volkswagen, with reviewers pointing to the LS 430's superior ride quality, highway performance, interior design, and technology as winning factors.
 +
* '''Kiplinger's Personal Finance''' report named the Lexus LS 430 ''First in Class and Best in Safety'' for cars $40,000 and over in 2005.
 +
* '''Intellichoice''' gave the Lexus LS its ''Best Overall Value'' award for the Luxury Class in 2004 and 2005.
 +
* '''AutoPacific''' and '''Intellichoice''' gave the LS 430 the ''Motorist's Choice Award'' in the Cars category in 2006.
 +
* '''Kelley Blue Book''' gave the LS 430 its ''Best to Hold Value Award'' in 2001, 2002, and 2003.
 +
* '''R.L. Polk & Co.''', an automotive marketing research firm, gave the LS 430 its ''Polk Automotive Loyalty Award'' in the Prestige Luxury Car category in 2001, 2002, 2004, and 2005 for customer retention.
 +
* '''Edmunds.com''' gave the LS 430 its ''Most Wanted Car'' award in the Large Luxury Class in 2002.
 +
* The 2006 Lexus LS 430 won ''Best luxury sedan'' overall in the '''ConsumerSearch''' review of Best Luxury Cars on September 2006.
 +
* '''Popular Science''' gave the LS 430 a ''Design & Engineering award'' in 2001, and named the LS 460 to its ''Best of What's New'' in Automotive Technology in December 2006.
 +
* '''Popular Mechanics''' gave the LS 460 its 2007 ''Automotive Excellence Award'' in the Luxury category. The second-generation LS 400 was honored with Popular Mechanics' ''Design and Engineering Award'' in 1995.
 +
* Automotive research firm '''TRG''' declared that the 2007 Lexus LS 460 offered the most technological features of any vehicle in the North American market, surpassing the newly launched Mercedes S-class and 2006 BMW 7 Series.
 +
* Automotive data analysis firm '''Vincentric, LLC''' named the LS 460 L the ''"Best Value in America"'' in the Prestige Luxury segment in its 2007 Best Value Awards.
 +
* Technology reviews site '''CNET.com''' named the Lexus LS 460 L the ''"Tech Car of the Year"'', the top prize of its Car Tech Awards 2006. The CNET.com editors recognized the Lexus LS for its sound system, navigation, NavTraffic, Bluetooth integration, and self-parking technology in naming it the most technologically advanced vehicle of the year.
 +
* The fourth-generation Lexus LS was named the 2006&ndash;07 '''Car of the Year, Japan''', taking the prestigious top prize among ten finalists in a competition juried by Japan's top automotive journalists.
 +
* The LS 600h was named ''Limo of the Year'' in '''Top Gear's Car of the Year awards''' for 2006.
 +
* The LS 460 was crowned 2007 ''Car of the Year'' at the '''International Car of the Year''' (ICOTY) awards, held at the North American International Auto Show in January 2007. The LS 460 was named ''Luxury Car of the Year'', beating out same-class competitors, named ''Most Respected'', and in the overall competition, the Lexus LS won the top award, Car of the Year.
 +
* The LS 460 was named ''World Car of the Year'' (WCOTY) at the New York International Auto Show's 2007 '''WCOTY Awards'''. The jurors found the LS to be the embodiment of the Lexus "pursuit of perfection" and recognized its innovative firsts, classical luxury with modern execution, and hybrid offerings.
  
 
==Trivia==
 
==Trivia==
 
* Antony Leung, the former secretary of finance of Hong Kong, purchased an LS 430 just before implementing a new tax that would have cost him an additional HK$50,000. The scandal, known as "Lexusgate", led to his resignation.
 
* Antony Leung, the former secretary of finance of Hong Kong, purchased an LS 430 just before implementing a new tax that would have cost him an additional HK$50,000. The scandal, known as "Lexusgate", led to his resignation.
* The third season of the popular BBC television program, ''Spooks'', featured a number of [[Lexus|Lexus]] LS vehicles as part of the brand's introduction in the British market.
+
* The third season of the popular BBC television program ''Spooks'' featured a number of [[Lexus|Lexus]] LS vehicles as part of the brand's introduction in the British market.
* The 2005 J.D. Power ''initial quality'' study found just 90 problems per 100 LS vehicles, the first time in the study's 16 year history for a vehicle to have less than one problem per vehicle.
+
* The 2005 J.D. Power ''initial quality'' study found just 90 problems per 100 LS vehicles, the first time in the study's 16-year history for a vehicle to have less than one problem per vehicle.
* Bill Gates owned a 1990 LS 400 in burgundy and subsequently donated it to the Pacific Crest Outward Bound School in Portland, Oregon in 1995.
+
* Bill Gates owned a 1990 LS 400 in burgundy and subsequently donated it to the Pacific Crest Outward Bound School in Portland, Oregon, in 1995.
 
* A Toyota Celsior is one of the cars driven in the racing arcade game and manga Wangan Midnight. The car, driven by Gen Sasaki (Gatchan), is often regarded as a joke due to the ricer features and Gatchan's reluctance to give his car more race features like removing excess weight and using garish bodykits.
 
* A Toyota Celsior is one of the cars driven in the racing arcade game and manga Wangan Midnight. The car, driven by Gen Sasaki (Gatchan), is often regarded as a joke due to the ricer features and Gatchan's reluctance to give his car more race features like removing excess weight and using garish bodykits.
 +
* Notable LS owners include CEOs and business executives such as Microsoft's Bill Gates (1990 LS 400 in burgundy, later donated to the Pacific Crest Outward Bound School in Portland, Oregon); Ford CEO Alan Mulally (who called his LS 430 the "finest car in the world";<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.freep.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060906/BUSINESS01/609060459|title=Only the best will do for Mulally|accessdate=2006-11-01|publisher=Detroit Free Press|last=Walsh|first=Tom|date=2006-09-06}}</ref>) Bloomberg's Michael Bloomberg (a gray LS 430); Samsung's corporate leadership (seven 2005 LS 430 sedans); and Creative Technology CEO Sim Wong Hoo (an LS 430 owner for three years, he later donated it as grand prize of a Creative 25th anniversary promotion drive.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://sg.creative.com/corporate/pressroom/releases/welcome.asp?pid=12659|title=Creative 25th Anniversary Lucky Draw Offers Sim Wong Hoo's Lexus LS 430 as the Grand Prize|publisher=Creative Technology Ltd.|date=2006-11-21}}</ref>)
  
==References==
+
==See Also==
*1. [[Lexus|Lexus]] LS competitors:
+
{{Lexus}}
**[http://www.intellichoice.com/reports/vehicleReport/vehicle_nmb/17692/section/competitors/type/new/year/2006/make/[[Lexus|Lexus]]/model/LS%20430 [[Lexus|Lexus]] LS competitors according to Intellichoice]
+
**[http://autos.msn.com/research/vip/compare.aspx?year=2006&make=[[Lexus|Lexus]]&model=LS%20430&trimid=-1&type=Competitors [[Lexus|Lexus]] LS competitors according MSN]
+
**[http://www.[[Lexus|lexus]].com/assets/about/news/pdfs/ls_news_article_2005_05_a.pdf [[Lexus|Lexus]] competitors according to Toyota's [[Lexus|Lexus]] division]
+
*2. [http://sev.prnewswire.com/auto/20060303/LAF01603032006-1.html Advanced Safety in LS 460]\
+
*3. [http://www.thecarconnection.com/Auto_News/Daily_Edition/Daily_Edition_May_10_2004.S173.A7125.html [[Lexus|Lexus]] Ultra-Sedan]
+
*4. [http://www.detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20051123/OPINION03/511230428/1148/AUTO01 [[Lexus|Lexus]] V12]
+
*5. [http://btobsearch.barnesandnoble.com/booksearch/isbninquiry.asp?z=y&btob=Y&pwb=1&ean=9780801442896]
+
*6. [http://[[Lexus|lexus]].com/about/press_releases/popups/2002/pr_02_11_a.html Finest Sedan in the World]
+
*7. [http://www.thecarconnection.com/Vehicle_Reviews/Luxury_Cars/2004_[[Lexus|Lexus]]_LS_430_Sport.S183.A7351.html Pricing]
+
*8. [http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/34870/[[Lexus|lexus]]_ls_600h_poor_mans_v12.html [[Lexus|Lexus]] 600h: Poor Man's V12]
+
  
 +
==References==
 +
*1. [http://sev.prnewswire.com/auto/20060303/LAF01603032006-1.html Advanced Safety in LS 460]
 +
*2. [http://www.thecarconnection.com/Auto_News/Daily_Edition/Daily_Edition_May_10_2004.S173.A7125.html [[Lexus|Lexus]] Ultra-Sedan]
 +
*3. [http://www.detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20051123/OPINION03/511230428/1148/AUTO01 [[Lexus|Lexus]] V12]
 +
*4. [http://www.lexus.com/about/press_releases/popups/2002/pr_02_11_a.html Finest Sedan in the World]
 +
*5. [http://www.thecarconnection.com/Vehicle_Reviews/Luxury_Cars/2004_[[Lexus|Lexus]]_LS_430_Sport.S183.A7351.html Pricing]
 +
*6. [http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/34870/[[Lexus|lexus]]_ls_600h_poor_mans_v12.html [[Lexus|Lexus]] 600h: Poor Man's V12]
  
 +
==External Links==
 +
* [http://www.lexus.com/models/ls/index.html Lexus LS] &ndash; official website
 +
* [http://www.autoblog.com/2008/08/15/monterey-2008-pebble-beach-edition-ls-600h-l-and-sc-430/ Monterey 2008: Pebble Beach Edition LS 600h L and SC 430]
 +
* [http://carscoop.blogspot.com/2009/09/lexus-to-debut-facelifted-2010-ls460.html Lexus to Debut Facelifted 2010 LS460 and LS600h at Frankfurt Motor Show]
 +
* [http://carscoop.blogspot.com/2009/10/us-spec-2010-lexus-ls460-facelift-with.html US-Spec 2010 Lexus LS460 Facelift with New Sport Package: Full Details and High-Res Photo Album ]
  
 +
<br/>
 
This page uses content from Wikipedia; see [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lexus_LS Lexus LS], which includes these [http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lexus_LS&action=history contributors].
 
This page uses content from Wikipedia; see [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lexus_LS Lexus LS], which includes these [http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lexus_LS&action=history contributors].
  

Latest revision as of 14:12, 18 October 2010

2010-Lexus-LS460-1small.JPG
Lexus LS
Lexus
AKA Toyota Celsior
Production 1989–present
Class Full-Size Executive / Luxury
Body Style 4-door 4/5-seat Sedan
Length 198.0 in/202.8 in (5029 mm/5151 mm)
Width 73.8 in (1875 mm)
Height 57.7 in (1476 mm)
Wheelbase 116.9 in/121.7 in (2969 mm/3091 mm)
Weight 4332 lbs (curb)/5480 lbs (GVWR) (1810 kg)
Transmission 8-speed Automatic, AWD and RWD
Engine 4.6 litre VVT-iE dual-injection DOHC V8
Power RWD
380 hp @ 6400 rpm
367 lb-ft. of torque @ 4100 rpm

AWD
357 hp @ N/A rpm
344 lb-ft of torque @ N/A rpm
Similar Acura RL
Infiniti Q45
Maserati Quattroporte
BMW 7 Series
Mercedes-Benz S-Class
Audi A8
Porsche Panamera
Bentley Flying Spur
Jaguar XJ
Aston Martin Rapide
Volkswagen Phaeton
Designer Kunihiri Uchida (LS430)
Moritaka Yoshida
Simon Humphries (LS460)

The Lexus LS is a V8-powered, rear-wheel-drive luxury car that serves as the flagship of Toyota's luxury Lexus division. A length of over five meters (200 in.) gives the LS a "large car" classification in Europe as well as in the United States. According to reviews, the Lexus LS has one of the most silent cabins among modern cars and is sometimes hailed as one of the most refined, well-engineered, and technologically advanced vehicles in the high-end luxury car segment. As the LS' suspension is tuned primarily for ride comfort and isolation, the model is often accused of not being as sporty as German competitors such as the BMW 7 Series. The exterior features superb fit and finish and one of the lowest drag coefficients of any sedan on the market.

Recent Changes

  • The 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show will play host to the unveiling of the LS range's first mid-cycle facelift set to go on sale in the 2010 model year.[1]

The LS Series of sedans were completely redesigned for 2007.

For the first time, the Lexus LS was offered in both standard and long wheelbase versions. Innovations on the latest LS sedans include the world's first eight-speed automatic transmission, real-time traffic updates, automatic parallel/reverse parking, and more luxury features than on previous models. The LS Series of luxury flagship sedans went on sale worldwide in late 2006, furthering Lexus' efforts to establish itself as a global luxury brand.

The long wheelbase Lexus LS 460 L in Black Sapphire Pearl.
Lexus LS 460 and LS 460 L models.

Styles and Major Options

  • LS Series 4.6L petrol V8 RWD sedan
    • 2007 LS 460
    • 2007 LS 460 L
  • LS Series 5.0L hybrid V8 AWD sedan
    • 2008 LS 600h
    • 2008 LS 600h L

Comfort Package – $1,290 (LS 460)

  • Heated steering wheel
  • Climate comfort front seats with heat/cool knob
  • Heated rear seats
  • Power rear sunshade
  • Headlamp washers

Comfort Plus Package – $3,620 (LS 460)

  • Heated steering wheel
  • Climate comfort front and rear seats with heat/cool knob
  • Power rear seats with memory and power headrests
  • Power rear sunshade
  • Headlamp washers
  • Rear-seat side airbags (SRS)
The Lexus LS 460's forward instrumentation and touchscreen navigation system.

Navigation System/Advanced Parking Guidance System Package (requires Intuitive Parking Assist) – $3,815 (LS 460)

  • Advanced Parking Guidance System
  • Lexus voice-activated HDD Navigation System with backup camera, Bluetooth® technology*, XM® Satellite Radio, and Real-Time Traffic capability (includes 90-day trial subscription)
The luxurious forward cabin of the Lexus LS.

Navigation System/Mark Levinson® Premium Audio System Package – $5,645 (LS 460)

  • Lexus voice-activated HDD Navigation System with backup camera, Bluetooth® technology*, XM® Satellite Radio, and Real-Time Traffic capability (includes 90-day trial subscription)
  • Mark Levinson 19-speaker 450-watt @ 0.1% THD 20–20,000 Hz Reference Surround Sound Audio System with Hard Disk Drive, 7.1 architecture, and in-dash single-feed six-disc* DVD/CD auto-changer featuring DVD audio and DVD video playback

Navigation System/Mark Levinson Premium Audio System/Advanced Parking Guidance System Package (requires Intuitive Parking Assist) – $6,345 (LS 460)

  • Advanced Parking Guidance System
  • Lexus voice-activated HDD Navigation System with backup camera, Bluetooth® technology*, XM® Satellite Radio, and Real-Time Traffic capability (includes 90-day trial subscription)
  • Mark Levinson 19-speaker 450-watt @ 0.1% THD 20–20,000 Hz Reference Surround Sound Audio System with Hard Disk Drive, 7.1 architecture, and in-dash single-feed six-disc* DVD/CD auto-changer featuring DVD-audio and DVD-video playback

Rear-Seat Upgrade Package (requires Luxury Package) – $1,625 (LS 460 L)

  • Four-zone automatic climate control with interior air filter, smog sensor, and automatic recirculation mode
  • Rear-seat air purifier
  • Rear-seat audio controls
  • Rear-seat cool box
  • Power rear-door sunshades

Luxury Package – $2,780 (LS 460 L)

  • Semianiline leather-trimmed interior
  • Climate comfort rear seats with heat/cool knob
  • Power rear seats with memory and power headrests
  • Ecsaine headliner
  • Rear-seat side airbags (SRS)
The superluxury Executive Class Four-Seat Package, exclusive to the
Lexus LS 460 L.

Touring Package – $2,985 (LS 460 L)

  • 19 x 8.0-in alloy wheels with 245/45R19 Y-rated summer tires
  • Variable Gear Ratio Steering (VGRS)
  • Adaptive Variable Air Suspension (AVS)
  • High-friction brakes with larger rotors
The LS' ceiling air diffusers and body temperature sensors are automotive climate control firsts.

Executive-Class Seating Package (special order only) – $12,675 (LS 460 L)

  • Four-person seating with rear fixed console
  • Semianiline leather-trimmed interior
  • Four-zone automatic climate control with rear-seat infrared temperature sensor, interior air filter, smog sensor, and automatic recirculation mode
  • Rear-seat air purifier
  • Right-rear power recliner with multifunction massager and leg rest
  • Climate comfort rear seats with heat/cool knob
  • Rear seat wood-trimmed table
  • Lexus DVD Rear-Seat Entertainment System (RSES) with power nine-inch screen and wireless headphones
  • Rear-seat audio controls
  • Rear-seat cool box
  • Power rear-door sunshades
  • Ecsaine headliner
  • Rear-seat side airbags (SRS)

Pricing

Today's actual prices for the Lexus LS 460 and the LS 460 L can be found at CarsDirect.


MODEL Trims
LS 460 RWD LS 460 AWD LS 460L RWD LS 460L AWD
MSRP
$64,680 $68,205 $70,225 $73,750
Invoice
$Price1 $Price2 $Price3 $Price4

Gas Mileage

Add more fields as necessary.

As seen on the FuelEconomy.gov website, the City/Highway MPG averages are as follows:

Trim
RWD AWD Trim3 Trim4
MPG
16/24 16/23 c/h c/h

Engine and Transmission

Specifications, details, graphs, pictures and other information regarding the powertrain is placed in this section.

  • Engine: 4.6 litre VVT-iE dual-injection V8

Power

  • RWD: 380 hp @ N/A rpm
    367 lb-ft of torque @ N/A rpm
  • AWD: 357 hp @ N/A rpm
    344 lb-ft of torque @ N/A rpm

0-60 mph Acceleration

  • RWD: 5.4 seconds
  • AWD: 5.9 seconds

Performance

Please make sure to write information of the vehicle's performance in a third-person point of view. This section should include information about the car's acceleration figures, handling, braking, etc.

If using information gathered from Road Test articles from a reputable automotive source, then please make sure to cite the quote.

Reliability

  • The Lexus LS is considered one of the finest automobiles in the world, particularly in terms of reliability and build quality, generally regarded as excellent and surpassing all of its major rivals. The Lexus LS has also won many consecutive awards as a top vehicle in the J.D. Power surveys.
  • Recall Alert: On Jan 17, 2009, Lexus, in conjunction with the NHTSA, issued a recall alert affecting 214,500 2006–08 GS300/350, IS250/350, and LS460/460L sedans over potentially faulty fuel delivery pipes that can corrode and leak due to certain ethanol fuels with low moisture content that can lead to rust, occasionally triggering a dashboard indicator lamp indicating a system malfunction. Lexus will be contacting owners of affected vehicles via e-mail, and Lexus dealers will replace parts at no cost. [3]

Colors

The Lexus LS 460 L in Mercury Metallic.
Design features on the LS include integrated rear exhaust vents and LED taillamps.
Exterior Colors Base
Black Sapphire Pearl  
Nobel Spine Mica  
Verdigris Mica  
Golden Almond Metallic  
Starfire Pearl  
Mercury Metallic  
Smoky Granite Mica  
Obsidian  
 
Interior Colors Base
Cashmere  
Light Gray  
Alabaster  
Black  


Hybrid Models

Main article: Lexus LS 600h L

Lexus introduced the LS 600h L, the world's first V8-powered full hybrid, at the 2006 New York Auto Show. The LS 600h L uses a 5.0 L V8 engine mated to a high-output electric motor with Nickel-Metal Hydride battery packs to generate over 440 hp (328 kW). The LS 600h L will be available with an all-wheel drive system and a two-stage continuously variable (CVT) transmission. Lexus claims the LS hybrid is the most technologically advanced vehicle in the world, and predicts that the vehicle will be certified as a SULEV vehicle. Because of the silent nature of its hybrid design, the LS hybrid may be the quietest sedan in the world. More details such as curb weight and engine specifications are yet to be released. The LS hybrid will feature one of the world's first LED headlight systems, a leather-trimmed dash, and different exterior colors. Differently hued trunk "600h" and side chrome "hybrid" badges are also unique to the LS hybrids. U.S. base pricing is $104,000.

Generations

G ext5.jpg


Current generation (2007–Present)

2010 Lexus LS 460 in Sport Package.
2008 Lexus LS 600h L in Black Sapphire Pearl.

Introduced at the 2006 North American International Auto Show, a redesigned LS arrived for the 2007 model year. Based on the LF-Sh concept vehicle, the new LS features a 4.6 L V8 producing 380 hp (283 kW) and 370 ft•lbf (502 N•m), or a hybrid, V8. An 8-speed automatic transmission is the world's first. The car's complex electronic and safety systems have been shown in detail at the Geneva Motor Show in February, while the hybrid version had its debut at the New York Auto Show in April 2006.

New high-tech options on the LS 460 include a 19-speaker "Reference Surround Sound System" with an 8 GB hard drive, front and rear climate-comfort seats, 4-zone climate control with air purifier, and a new automatic parking system. Lexus SmartAccess with a push-button starting feature, as well as the 8-speed automatic transmission, are both standard features.

The 2007 LS marks the first time the car is sold under the Lexus marque in Japan; the Lexus brand was launched there in 2005 as part of Toyota's vision to make Lexus a "global luxury brand". For the first time, Lexus offers two wheelbases. The base LS 460 uses the shorter 116.9 in (2969 mm) wheelbase, while the gasoline engine is also offered as a long 121.7 in (3091 mm) wheelbase, the LS 460 L. The LS 460L also features an optional rear-seat comfort package. The package includes a reclining passenger's-side rear seat with massage features and an automatically operated footrest. An LCD screen is an available option for the rear seat compartment.

Lexus introduced the LS 600h L as the world's first V8-powered full hybrid to the audience at the 2006 New York Auto Show. Introduced only in long-wheelbase form (it will be available in other parts of the world in both wheelbases), the LS 600h L uses a 5.0 L V8 engine mated to a high-output electric motor with Nickel-Metal Hydride battery packs to generate a total of 430 hp (321 kW), which is comparable to the BMW 760Li's 438 hp (327 kW) V12. The LS 600h L will be available with an all-wheel drive system and a two-stage continuously variable (CVT) transmission. Lexus is also predicting that the LS 600h will be certified as an SULEV vehicle. It claims the LS 600h is the most technologically advanced vehicle in the world. More details such as curb weight and price (speculated to be in the region of $90,000) are yet to be released.

At the same time the hybrid model debuts, Lexus will offer its Advanced Precollision system, with such features as a driver monitoring camera (to sound an alarm if the system determines the driver's attention is needed), stereo video cameras, and millimeter radar for advanced obstacle detection, precrash braking, and lane keeping assist (not available on LS600h), which nudges the car back in line if it strays from its intended lane on the highway. The system will also feature rearward-facing radar to detect impending rear collisions and prime the active headrests so as to reduce injury to passengers.

2010 Exterior

2010 Interior

Nav

Third generation (2001–06)

2005 Lexus LS 430 in Mercury Metallic.

For 2001, the UCF30 I LS 430 was introduced. While previous LS redesigns were evolutionary, the 2001 update was a more thorough update of the model's exterior and interior. The UCF30 had a completely redesigned suspension and a brand new 4.3 L engine, generating 290 hp (216 kW) and 320 ft•lbf (434 N•m) of torque. A three-inch wheelbase stretch resulted in more interior volume than the competing Mercedes-Benz S-Class and allowed the engine to be positioned farther rearward for better balance. Features such as Dynamic Laser Cruise Control, a DVD-based navigation system, and heated & cooled seats became available. These and other features, such as sonar assisted parking, power rear seats with massage, and a rear cooler, were bundled in the "Ultra Luxury Package."

In the interior, the most notable design changes included additional woodgrain trim on the dashboard and doors as well as the addition of an LCD screen on the center console. The exterior of the vehicle was completely new, with the vehicle's dimensions increasing in terms of length and height.

The UCF30 II was introduced in 2004. Lexus freshened the front & rear fascias and added as standard equipment previously optional features, such as a one-touch power moonroof, power rear sunshade, and lighted rear-seat vanity mirrors. Some features previously included in the Custom and Ultra Luxury packages became available separately. The transmission got an added sixth gear, and keyless "smart access" and Bluetooth technology became optional, while a precollision system, similar to Mercedes-Benz's Pre-Safe, which used millimeter-wavelength radar to predict crashes and allow distance-aware cruise control, was added as an option. Other updates included different wheels, projector headlamps, and LED taillights.

The 2001 to 2006 LS 430 was the most reliable luxury sedan in the J.D. Power and Associates Initial Quality survey, and the early and late models of this series were the most reliable cars in the survey. In later studies of defects after three years of ownership, the LS 430 is also at the top of the pack.

Second generation (1995–2000)

1995 Lexus LS 400 in Moonstone Pearl.

Introduced in November 1994, the UCF20 I LS 400 was an evolutionary redesign of the LS and featured a new body that eliminated 300 lb from the previous car. The wheelbase was increased by 1.4 in., resulting in more interior and trunk space, yet the overall length of the car remained at 196.7 in. The durability of the brake system was improved as well.

The most noticeable cosmetic upgrades included a new front fascia with an increased gap between the headlights and grille, new headlights, and new taillights.

For the 1998 model year, the UCF20 II LS 400 was introduced. New interior amenities included retractable rear headrests, wood accents on the leather-bound steering wheel and gear selector, and a navigation system with concealed antenna. A new "jam protection system" for the vehicle's windows was designed to reduce the risk of possible injury by preventing the windows from closing if an object came between the window and the door frame. Door window controls were also added to the vehicle remote control.

Exterior updates included new five-spoke wheels as well as redesigned rear view mirrors that reduced the amount of wind noise. The automatic headlights were now equipped with a delay feature that allows the headlights to remain on while the occupants exited the vehicle.

The revised LS 400 featured Toyota's new 290 hp VVT-i UZ engine mated to a smooth five-speed automatic transmission. The drivetrain improvements not only enabled the 3,890-lb. sedan to accelerate from 0–60 mph in 6.5 seconds but also improved the vehicle's fuel economy.

First generation (1989–94)

The original Lexus LS 400 in Diamond White Pearl.

The UCF10 I LS 400 was produced from 1989 to 1994. The model introduced the Lexus nameplate to the U.S., and soon after won critical acclaim, becoming Wheels magazine's Car of the Year and earning a place on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1990. The LS 400 was initially intended to be introduced as a standalone model for Lexus, but ultimately was sold alongside the ES 250, an entry-level luxury car that was based on the Toyota Camry. In Japan, where the Lexus brand was not established, the vehicle was sold as the Toyota Celsior.

For the 1993 model year, the LS 400 (now designated as the UCF10 II) was introduced with larger brake rotors, standard passenger's-side front airbags, larger wheels and tires, and numerous other upgrades.

Technical Specifications

<table/>
*LS 460 and LS 460 L model versions, excluding hybrids

Future possibilities

For 2007, a gasoline-electric hybrid variant, the LS 600h L (see above) became available in the Lexus lineup. The LS 600h L is expected to boost the esteem of the Lexus LS; critics had pointed out the absence of a range-topping V12 as a significant omission in the Lexus lineup. The closest competitors to the LS 460, such as the Mercedes-Benz S-Class, offer range-topping S600 and S65 AMG sedans with powerful V12 engines and prices exceeding US$120,000. Critics' doubts on whether Lexus would be able to command more than a $12,000 premium over the LS 460 L were dispelled in spring 2007, when Lexus announced a $104,000 base MSRP for the LS600h, exceeding the $100K ultra-luxury segment mark.

Rumors persist that a new and improved version of a Toyota V12, the 1GZ-FE (used in the Japanese Toyota Century) will be upgraded to more than 500 hp (currently 280 hp) for the European and North American markets to more successfully compete in the ultra-luxury segment with the Mercedes-Benz S600 and BMW 760, but nothing concrete has been confirmed by Toyota.

Awards

The LS has received numerous awards since its introduction.

  • The Lexus LS has won the J.D. Power award for the "Best High-end Luxury Sedan" 12 years in a row, the most for any manufacturer, due to vehicle dependability.
  • The Lexus LS was the highest-ranked vehicle in the J.D. Power Initial Quality Survey for seven consecutive years, from 1997 to 2003. In 2004 and 2005, the Lexus LS 430 was second only to the Lexus SC 430 in the Initial Quality Survey. The LS 430 was again ranked in the top spot in 2006.
  • In 2006, Consumer Reports awarded the Lexus LS as the highest-ranked vehicle in reliability in the luxury car class and gave it the "Best Car We Ever Tested" title, continuing the Lexus trend of scoring highly on Consumer Reports surveys. Based on Consumer Reports, a five-year-old Lexus LS is more reliable and dependable than a brand new BMW 7 series, Mercedes S-class, or Audi A8, owing to the wide disparity in reliability scores between the top-ranked LS and below-average German makes.
  • The 2005 J.D. Power Vehicle Dependability Study found just 90 problems per 100 LS vehicles, the first time in the study's 16-year history for a vehicle to have less than one problem per vehicle. In 2006, the Lexus LS repeated this feat, averaging just 88 problems per 100 vehicles.
  • The Lexus LS 430 was named the Most Appealing Premium Luxury Car by J.D. Power in 2001. The second-generation LS 400 was also named Most Appealing Premium Luxury Car in 1996.
  • In 1989, the Motoring Press Association of the U.S. named the LS 400 the Best Imported Car of the Year.
  • The first-generation LS earned a place on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list and became Wheels magazine's Car of the Year.
  • The 1991 LS 400 was named Best New Luxury Sedan and awarded the Car of the Year title at the Canadian Car of the Year awards, selected by the Automobile Journalists Association of Canada.
  • The LS 400 was named the Best Import Car of 1993 by Robb Report.
  • Automobile Magazine in 2005 listed the first Lexus LS 400 as one of the 24 Most Important Vehicles of the 20th Century, a title it bestowed on the vehicle in 1996.
  • The LS 430 was judged as the "Finest Luxury Sedan in America" by Automotive Marketing Consultants, Inc. in a 2002 comparison test. Competing against ten other luxury models, including the Mercedes S500 and the BMW 750iL, the LS placed first in three out of seven categories: NVH, ergonomics, and utility. The LS 430 was also the quietest car in the comparison, with an idle reading of just 31.1 dB in the front seat.
  • Car and Driver magazine awarded the 2004 LS 430 first place in a December 2003 comparison test of $70,000 luxury sedans. The LS 430 ranked above competing vehicles from Audi, BMW, Jaguar, Mercedes-Benz, and Volkswagen, with reviewers pointing to the LS 430's superior ride quality, highway performance, interior design, and technology as winning factors.
  • Kiplinger's Personal Finance report named the Lexus LS 430 First in Class and Best in Safety for cars $40,000 and over in 2005.
  • Intellichoice gave the Lexus LS its Best Overall Value award for the Luxury Class in 2004 and 2005.
  • AutoPacific and Intellichoice gave the LS 430 the Motorist's Choice Award in the Cars category in 2006.
  • Kelley Blue Book gave the LS 430 its Best to Hold Value Award in 2001, 2002, and 2003.
  • R.L. Polk & Co., an automotive marketing research firm, gave the LS 430 its Polk Automotive Loyalty Award in the Prestige Luxury Car category in 2001, 2002, 2004, and 2005 for customer retention.
  • Edmunds.com gave the LS 430 its Most Wanted Car award in the Large Luxury Class in 2002.
  • The 2006 Lexus LS 430 won Best luxury sedan overall in the ConsumerSearch review of Best Luxury Cars on September 2006.
  • Popular Science gave the LS 430 a Design & Engineering award in 2001, and named the LS 460 to its Best of What's New in Automotive Technology in December 2006.
  • Popular Mechanics gave the LS 460 its 2007 Automotive Excellence Award in the Luxury category. The second-generation LS 400 was honored with Popular Mechanics' Design and Engineering Award in 1995.
  • Automotive research firm TRG declared that the 2007 Lexus LS 460 offered the most technological features of any vehicle in the North American market, surpassing the newly launched Mercedes S-class and 2006 BMW 7 Series.
  • Automotive data analysis firm Vincentric, LLC named the LS 460 L the "Best Value in America" in the Prestige Luxury segment in its 2007 Best Value Awards.
  • Technology reviews site CNET.com named the Lexus LS 460 L the "Tech Car of the Year", the top prize of its Car Tech Awards 2006. The CNET.com editors recognized the Lexus LS for its sound system, navigation, NavTraffic, Bluetooth integration, and self-parking technology in naming it the most technologically advanced vehicle of the year.
  • The fourth-generation Lexus LS was named the 2006–07 Car of the Year, Japan, taking the prestigious top prize among ten finalists in a competition juried by Japan's top automotive journalists.
  • The LS 600h was named Limo of the Year in Top Gear's Car of the Year awards for 2006.
  • The LS 460 was crowned 2007 Car of the Year at the International Car of the Year (ICOTY) awards, held at the North American International Auto Show in January 2007. The LS 460 was named Luxury Car of the Year, beating out same-class competitors, named Most Respected, and in the overall competition, the Lexus LS won the top award, Car of the Year.
  • The LS 460 was named World Car of the Year (WCOTY) at the New York International Auto Show's 2007 WCOTY Awards. The jurors found the LS to be the embodiment of the Lexus "pursuit of perfection" and recognized its innovative firsts, classical luxury with modern execution, and hybrid offerings.

Trivia

  • Antony Leung, the former secretary of finance of Hong Kong, purchased an LS 430 just before implementing a new tax that would have cost him an additional HK$50,000. The scandal, known as "Lexusgate", led to his resignation.
  • The third season of the popular BBC television program Spooks featured a number of Lexus LS vehicles as part of the brand's introduction in the British market.
  • The 2005 J.D. Power initial quality study found just 90 problems per 100 LS vehicles, the first time in the study's 16-year history for a vehicle to have less than one problem per vehicle.
  • Bill Gates owned a 1990 LS 400 in burgundy and subsequently donated it to the Pacific Crest Outward Bound School in Portland, Oregon, in 1995.
  • A Toyota Celsior is one of the cars driven in the racing arcade game and manga Wangan Midnight. The car, driven by Gen Sasaki (Gatchan), is often regarded as a joke due to the ricer features and Gatchan's reluctance to give his car more race features like removing excess weight and using garish bodykits.
  • Notable LS owners include CEOs and business executives such as Microsoft's Bill Gates (1990 LS 400 in burgundy, later donated to the Pacific Crest Outward Bound School in Portland, Oregon); Ford CEO Alan Mulally (who called his LS 430 the "finest car in the world";<ref>Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref>) Bloomberg's Michael Bloomberg (a gray LS 430); Samsung's corporate leadership (seven 2005 LS 430 sedans); and Creative Technology CEO Sim Wong Hoo (an LS 430 owner for three years, he later donated it as grand prize of a Creative 25th anniversary promotion drive.<ref>Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref>)

See Also

Lexus LS model year

1990–1994

1995–1997

1998–2000

2001–2006

2007-

Gears

4

4

5

5-6

8*

Power

173 kW (250 hp)

186 kW (260 hp)

214 kW (290 hp)

214 kW (290 hp)

283 kW (380 hp)*

Torque

353 Nm (260 ft•lbf) @4400 rpm

366 Nm (270 ft•lbf) @4500 rpm

407 Nm (300 ft•lbf) @4000 rpm

434 Nm (320 ft•lbf) @3400 rpm

498 Nm (367 ft•lbf) @4100 rpm*

Lexus RX 400h 2006.jpg
LEXUS

Toyota Motor Corporation


Toyota | Lexus | Scion | Hino | Daihatsu


Current

Cars: IS 250/250C/350 · IS-F · ES 350 · GS 300/430/450h · LS 460/460L · LS 600h/600hL · LFA · CT 200h

SUVs: RX 330/350/400h · GX 460 · LX 470 · LX 570

Hybrid: RX 450h · GS 450h · LS 600h/600hL · HS 250h

Historic

Cars: IS 200/300 · ES 250/300/330 · GS 300/400/430 · LS 400/430 · SC 300/400/430

SUVs: RX 300 · LX 450

Hybrid: RX 400h

Racing Vehicles

LF-A Nürburgring 24

Concept Vehicles

LF-A Concept · LF-C Concept · LF-Ch Concept · LF-S Concept · LF-Sh Concept · LF-X Concept · LF-Xh Concept · IS 250 Sports Concept


Engines · Transmissions


Toyota Corporate website A division of the Toyota Motor Corporation


References

External Links


This page uses content from Wikipedia; see Lexus LS, which includes these contributors.