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GMC, formerly known as GMC Truck, is a Canada-based branch of General Motors' brand name of trucks, vans, and SUVs. Its vehicles are marketed in North America and the Middle East.


GMC Truck, from a 1919 advertisement
GMC Truck, from a 1919 advertisement

In 1900, Max Grabowsky established a company called the "Rapid Motor Vehicle Company", which developed some of the earliest commercial trucks ever designed. The trucks utilized one-cylinder engines. In 1909, the company was purchased by General Motors to form the basis for the General Motors Truck Company, from which GMC Truck was derived.

Another indepedent manufacturer purchased by GM that same year was Reliance Motor Car Company. Rapid & Reliance were merged in 1911, and in 1912 the marque "GMC Truck" was first shown at the New York Auto Show. 22,000 trucks were produced that year, though GMC's contribution to that total was a mere 372 units.

In 1916, a GMC Truck crossed the country from Seattle to New York in thirty days, and in 1926, a 2-ton GMC truck was driven from New York to San Francisco in 5 days and 30 minutes.

During the Second World War, GMC Truck produced 600,000 trucks for use by the U.S. military. In 1996 GM dropped the word 'truck' from the GMC Truck name, thus creating the GMC name as we know it today.

In 2002, GMC released a book entitled, GMC: The First 100 Years, that explained the company's complete history.

GMC currently manufactures SUVs, pickup trucks, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty trucks. In the past, GMC also produced fire trucks, ambulances, heavy-duty trucks, military vehicles, motorhomes, and transit buses. GMC is positioned as an outlet for the same trucks available under the Chevrolet, and occasionally Isuzu or Suzuki, usually for Buick or Pontiac dealers, typically at lower volumes. The Envoy XUV was a unique body style. The Denali is an alternative to the Cadillac Escalade, but it does not sell the popular Avalanche or minivan based SUVs. The Sprint (later Caballero) was a rebadged El Camino and is a rare alternative. A consumer would choose on the basis of styling details and dealer preference.

GMC logo
GMC logo

In 2007, the company will introduce the Acadia, a crossover SUV, which will be the company's first unibody vehicle.

GMC models

See also


General Motors Co.

Buick | Cadillac | Chevrolet | GMC | Holden | Opel | Vauxhall | Daewoo | Saab


Acadia · Envoy · Yukon · Yukon XL · Canyon · Sierra · Savana · Terrain


Syclone · S-15 Jimmy · Sonoma · Typhoon · GMC Vandura


Denali XT Hybrid Concept · Granite Concept · Terradyne Concept · Terracross Concept · Sierra All Terrain HD Concept

Max Grabowsky · Rapid Motor Vehicle Company · Reliance Motor Car Company

General Motors Corporate website A subsidiary of General Motors

v  d  e{{#if: |GMC, a division of General Motors, light truck timeline, United States market, 1980s-present|GMC, a division of General Motors, light truck timeline, United States market, 1980s-present}}
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s
0123456789 0123456789 0123456789
Crossover Acadia
SUV S-15 Jimmy Jimmy
Typhoon Envoy Envoy
K5 Jimmy Yukon Yukon Yukon
Suburban Suburban Yukon XL Yukon XL
Pickup S-15 Sonoma Sonoma
Caballero Syclone Canyon
C/K C/K Sierra Sierra
Van Safari
G-Series Savana

Automotive brands of General Motors General Motors logo
Buick | Cadillac | Chevrolet | GMC | Holden | Opel | Vauxhall | GM Truck & Coach Division
Affiliates: GM Daewoo (50.9%) | Suzuki (3%) | Isuzu

External links

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