The Nuffield Organisation was an automobile manufacturing company in the United Kingdom. Named after its founder, William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, it was formed in 1938 as the merger of Nuffield's Morris Motor Company (already having acquired Wolseley Motors in 1927), another of Nuffield's companies the MG Car Company and Riley.
During World War II Nuffield was engaged in military production. Among their activities was production of the Liberty L-12 engine for use in British tanks of the period. In 1939 one of their subsidiaries was given the opportunity to take part in production of the Covenanter tank then being designed but opted to develop their own version of the design which became the Crusader tank. They followed this with the Cavalier tank which used the Liberty engine as well. The tank was built but the power of the Liberty was limited and with the increase in tank weight the Cavalier was not used in combat. The last tank the Liberty was produced for was the Centaur tank, effectively an underpowered Cromwell.
Commercial vehicles in the Morris range were produced for military use - such as the Morris C8
Automobile production of Morris, Wolseley and Riley marques restarted in the 1940s. Post war, Nuffield started on tractor production with the 1948 Nuffield Universal.
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