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Ford Bronco

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Ford Bronco
Ford
aka {{{aka (Type here, not up there)}}}
Production 1966 - 1977 Mid Size
1978 - 1996 Full Size
Class 1/2 Ton Multi Purpose Vehicle
Body Style 2 Door Suv
Length 1978 (180.3")
Width 1978 (79.3")
Height 1978 (75.5")
Wheelbase 1978 (104")
Weight Avg. 5,000 1978-1996
Transmission 3 Speed,4 Speed,5 Speed Manual
3 Speed,4 Speed Automatic
Engine Full Size 300ci I6,302ci V8,351ci Modified V8,351ci Windsor V8,400ci Modified V8
Mid Size 170ci I6,200ci I6,289ci V8,302ci V8
Power 75-210 HP
Similar Chevrolet Blazer,GMC Jimmy,Dodge Ram Charger,International Scout
Designer {{{Designer (lead designer if it was a team effort)}}}

Ford introduced the Bronco as its first SUV in 1966. It was one of the earliest American made SUVs and broke ground on creating an entirely new market for cars in the US. The Bronco was produced as a mid-size SUV until 1977 without any major modifications to the body or trim. Certain features as power steering, disc brakes, and larger engines were added through they years, but the design changes were subtle. Broncos continued to be produced from 1978 until 1996 as a full-size two door SUV. Today, there is a fairly large market for 1966-1977 Bronco parts and accessories, and many Broncos are being restored or used for offroading or rock-crawling.

Contents

Changes to the First Generation from 1966-1977

1966

• Production of the 1966 model year Bronco began on August 1, 1965 with the series number beginning in U and sequence number starting at 73200 and being in increments of 10. These were produced from August 1965 to August 1966 and a second August 1966 sequence number began with A00000.

• Broncos came in these three different models: Roadster, Wagon, and Pickup.

• The only mirrors were a driver side and a rear view mirror.

• There were 4,100 Roadsters produced.

• There were 7,000 Pickups produced.

• There were 13,000 Wagons produced

• In total, there were 24,100 Broncos produced in its first production year.


1967

• The sport package was introduced offering features such as: sport emblem, vinyl front seats, bright aluminum body trim, and chrome bumpers.

• Seat belts were added for safety.

• There was an optional 289 c.i. V-8 offered in place of the 6 cylinder engine, which came with new 289 emblems on the front fender.

• There was an optional 5 gallon auxiliary fuel tank available.

• There were 700 Roadsters produced.

• There were 2,600 Pickups produced.

• There were 10,900 Wagons produced.

• In total, there were 14,200 Broncos produced during the 1967 production year.


1968

• Many changes were made this year, including the discontinuation of the Roadster, in order to get sales back up.

• The dash was changed to steel and was redesigned and painted.

• The doors and mirrors were completely redesigned.

• Electric windshield wipers took the place of the old-school vacuum wiper setup.

• An option for a swing away tire carrier was added.

• There were 2,200 Pickups produced.

• There were 14,400 Wagons produced.

• In total, there were 16,600 Broncos produced during the 1968 production year.


1969

• The 302 c.i. replaced the 289 V-8.

• The fenders received the 302 V-8 emblems.

• Dana Spicier replaced the Borg Warner driveshaft.

• Electric wipers became standard.

• The instrument cluster design changed.

• This was the last year for the chrome windshield retaining knobs.

• There were 2,300 Pickups produced.

• There were 18,600 Wagons produced.

• In total, there were 20,900 Broncos produced during the 1969 production year.


1970

• Tail light reflectors changed.

• Bolts are used instead of the chrome windshield knobs.

• This was the last year of the inferior 3 piece wiring harness.

• This was also the last year for the non-vented auxiliary fuel tank.

• There were 1,700 Pickups built.

• There were 16,800 Wagons built.

• In total, there were 18,500 Broncos produced during the 1970 production year.


1971

• This was the first year that the Stroppe Baja Bronco was offered. This was a special addition Bronco that is worth much more than other Broncos today.

• The Dana 30 front axle was replaced by the stronger Dana 44.

• The fuse box was moved into the glove compartment with the new style wiring harness.

• The wiper solvent bottle was changed and the pump became an internal style.

• This was the last year for the 302 emblem.

• There were 1,500 Pickups built.

• There were 18,300 Wagons built.

• In total, there were 19,800 Broncos produced during the 1971 production year.


1972

• The Pickup model of the Bronco was discontinued.

• There were now interior colors available for the Bronco.

• The column shifter handle design was changed to shift more smoothly.

• The air cleaner was redesigned to help increase air flow.

• There was 21,100 Wagons produced.


1973

• This is the first year for the power steering option with a 302.

• This was also the first year for the C-4 Automatic Transmission with the V-8.

• 1973 was the only year that an orange was available as an interior color.

• The explorer package was introduced.

• The transfer-case shifter was switched from a T-shift to to the J-Style shifter.

• There were 21,900 Wagons produced.


1974

• A dome light was put into the electric wiper cover, offering the first interior light in a Bronco.

• This was the only year that a red interior was available.

• During mid-year, an electronic ignition was incorporated into the 302.

• The steering wheel was changed to accept a long thin vinyl horn instead of the pot metal button.

• This was the last year for the Bill Stroppe Baja Bronco.

• This was also the last year for the 200 c.i. 6 cylinder motor.

• There were 25,800 Wagons produced.


1975

• Emissions regulations by the government caused many changes to vehicles from 1975 until present.

• Unleaded fuel was introduced to the Bronco.

• There were catalytic converters installed due to the pollution control laws.

• There were 13,100 Wagons produced.


1976

• Disk brakes were introduced on the front axle, with the option of making them power.

• The rear brakes were upgraded to a larger drum size.

• The Ranger Package was introduced.

• The steering column design was changed.

• The power steering box was given a quicker turning radius, 3.8 turns lock to lock.

• There were 15,300 Wagons produced.


1977

• This was the only year for the gas tank doors instead of filler caps on the exterior of the body.

• The rear tank was completely redesigned. It was now 14.4 Gallons instead of 12.

• The front parking brake cable was redesigned.

• There were 14,600 Wagons produced during the last year that the classic Bronco would be produced.

Competitors to the First Generation 1966-1977 Bronco

Although the Bronco was the first SUV to sneak into the American automobile market, it was not the first SUV produced. There was the Scout produced by International Harvester, Jeepster by Jeep, and Land Rover, which were all produced before the Bronco came into the picture. The reason the Bronco became such a big hit, however, is because none of the other 4x4 vehicles offered any of the same luxuries as a passenger car that most Americans were used to driving. The Bronco bridged the gap between rugged 4x4 machines, and luxury driving cars. It offered people the ability to take their comfort offroad and explore the places they had never gone before. Today, 1966-1977 Broncos will be spotted far more often than these other early 4x4 vehicles. Broncos are known for their extreme performance in rock-crawling competitions, and are a popular choice for modifications.

Full Size Bronco 1978 to 1996

Design and Devlopment

Development of the full-size Bronco. The second-generation Broncos began their long history at Ford's Product Design Center in 1972. Code named "Project Short Horn", the designers and engineers at Ford were working on an all-new Bronco that would compete with and ultimately far surpass the extremely popular full-size Blazer from General Motors. Working with many sets of requirements imposed on them by Ford and learning from mistakes made by Chevrolet on the Blazer, the designers were able to come up with a vehicle that had many features never before seen in a sporty-utility vehicle. Ford required the new Bronco to be based on the new '73 F-100 and for it to be ready for the original release date of the 1974 model year. The new Bronco also had to use the F-100 doors with no modifications to save on production cost and had to have a removable hard top to compete with the Blazer.

It has been speculated by many that the onset of the 1973 OPEC oil embargo was by far the main reason that the introduction of the full-size Bronco was delayed until the 1978 model year. By 1977 the energy crisis had eased up and the first generation Broncos still being sold were terribly out dated by this time. Sales were sharply falling due to the extreme popularity of the much more modern and versatile Blazer. Ford also finally had a new, environmentally-friendly engine in use in its 4x4 trucks by 1977, the 351M/400, which could only mean one thing: The Full Size Bronco's time had finally come!

In mid 1977 Ford introduced the first full-size Broncos for the 1978 model year. The long awaited '78 Bronco was so popular that many people had to wait six months or longer to get one from their local Ford dealers. Consumers just couldn't get enough of them. Even the automobile and truck magazines of the time raved on and on about the new full-size Broncos. The '78 Bronco practically swept-the-boards with 4x4 and truck-of-the-year awards. Pickup, Van, & 4WD magazine even stated, "It's a guess, but perhaps a very safe bet, that Chevy, Dodge, and Jeep engineers have '78 Broncos in their labs now, taking a look and calculating ways and means for catching up".

1978 to 1979 Second Generation

1978 Ford released the first full size Bronco based on a fullsize truck platform it featured only 351ci 2BBL Modified V8 and optional 400ci 2BBL Modified V8 motors, full and part time 4wd,Dana 44 front,Ford 9" rear axles and New Process transfer case,they were available with 4 speed manual or a C6 3 speed automatic transmission,this generation continued through 1979 with the addition of square head lamps as standard previously only available on higher end models

Horsepower was 163hp for the 351ci V8 and 169hp for the 400ci V8

Trim levels included Custom, XLT, Ranger,Lariat and a special orange two tone package called free wheeling decor.

1980 to 1986 Third Generation

1980 saw the release of the second generation of full size Broncos again designed around a Ford F 150 chassis it carried the same styling of it's pickup brothers, featuring inset turn signals, a hood that set in to the front fenders and wraparound tail lights also a slightly rounder grill was added compared to the flatter front of the previous generation,also new for 1980 was the twin-traction beam Dana 44 front axle which replaced the old rigid axle on previous Broncos,transmissions included a 4 speed manual and C6 3 speed automatic.

Motor options were expanded in 1980 featuring a 300ci 1BBL I6 as standard, optional 302ci 2BBL V8 and the 351ci 2BBL Modified V8 was carried over from the previous generation.

Horsepower was 120hp for the 300ci I6, 133hp for the 302ci V8 and 163hp for the 351ci Modified V8.

1982 changes included a revised grille featuring a new 3 bar and Ford Blue Oval design,a Blue Oval was also featured on the tailgate in the lower left corner,the 351ci Modified V8 was gone replaced by the 351ci Windsor 2BBL V8 introduced in the 81 model year it produced 138hp.

1983 new convenience options were added including a head lamp on warning buzzer and underhood light with 20 ft cord.

1984 featured a new optional 351ci Windsor V8 with a 4BBL carburetor this was called the 351 H.O. for High Output rated at 210hp,a new under hood tool box option was also added.

1985 featured Ford's first Fuel Injected motor in it's truck line it was a 302ci EFI or Electronic Fuel Injection V8 And produced 185hp and better fuel economy compared to the previous 133hp 2BBL 302 V8,85 also featured Ford's first 4 speed over-drive automatic transmission.

1986 featured the addition of an Eddie Bauer trim level to the Bronco which included a lower two tone tan stripe.

Trim levels for this generation included Custom,XL,XLT,Ranger,Lariat and Eddie Bauer.

1987 to 1991 Fourth Generation

1987 saw the introduction of a more aerodynamic Ford truck line and the full size Bronco was updated along with the other F series pickups,styling changes included a smoother aerodynamic front clip with flush head lamps and wraparound turn signals that were moved to the sides of the head lamps,standard rear Anti-lock breaks and 4000 Lbs rated rear step bumper were also among the improvements,Borg Warner 1345 and the electric shift 1356 transfer cases were now being used,the venerable Ford 9" rear axle was replaced by the Ford 8.8" rear sometime during the last generation,transmissions included 4 speed manual and 3 and 4 speed automatics.

Motor options now included the standard 300ci I6 now with EFI, the 302ci EFI V8 and the 351ci Windsor 4BBL carb V8.

Horsepower was now 150hp for the 300ci I6,185hp for the 302ci V8 and 210hp for the 351ci V8.

1988 the the 351ci V8 gets Electronic Fuel Injection along with better fuel economy but horsepower stayed at 210, serpentine drive belts are now standard and a 5 speed manual is standard as well.

1989 the 4 speed manual returns as a optional feature.

1990 the all new E4OD electronically controlled Heavy Duty 4 speed automatic transmission was now offered with the 351ci V8 but the 3 speed C6 automatic was still a option.

1991 a special 25th silver anniversary trim package and all black Nite package were now available the 4 speed E4OD auto was now available on all Motor options.

Trim levels included Custom, XL, XLT, Eddie Bauer and Nite which featured a handling package.

1992 to 1996 Fifth Generation

1992 saw the redesign of the Ford F series trucks and again the Bronco followed suit, styling changes included a grille with two vertical bars and two horizontal bars, turn signals were moved under the headlamps and wrapped around the sides the parking lights were also moved to the sides, corners were smoother than the previous generation and the hood featured less drop at the front, power mirrors were now an available option.

Motor options included the 300ci EFI I6,302ci EFI V8 and 351ci EFI V8.

Transmissions include 4 and 5 speed manuals, the 4 speed E4OD automatic was now standard with the old 3 speed C6 available as special order item.

Horsepower was 150hp for the 300ci I6,185hp for the 302ci V8 and 210hp for the 351ci V8.

1993 four wheel anti-lock breaks became standard, although available on other trucks the 300ci Inline-6 was dropped from the Bronco lineup, and the Nite trim level was also dropped.

1994 saw a standard driver side SRS airbag introduced to the Bronco, a XLT sport package was offered with body colored grille and bumpers.

1995 body or two tone colored molded side steps were a option the 302ci EFI V8 got a power boost now with 195 horsepower.

1996 was the last year for the Ford Bronco as sales of two door SUV's were down across the board it would be replaced by the Expedition which had four doors and competed with Chevrolet's Tahoe more effectively ,the only change for this year was the in mirror turn signals available on XLT and Eddie Bauer models.

Trim levels for this generation were Custom,XL,XLT,Eddie Bauer and Nite (discontinued in 1993) models

Following

Although out of production for 12 years at the time this was written the Ford Bronco still has a large following and for those who do not mind not having 4 doors on their SUV and people who want a great trail rig or hunting vehicle or just a good all around 4 wheel drive that can go anywhere and pull a good sized load this vehicle is a good reliable 4 Wheel Drive Utility Vehicle

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