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Bruno Sacco

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Bruno Sacco (born Udine, November 12, 1933) is an Italian automobile designer who served as the head of styling at German car giant Daimler-Benz between 1975 and 1999. He is acknowledged as one of the greatest designers in automotive history.

Biography

According to Sacco himself, he was first inspired towards car design as an eighteen year old, after seeing a Raymond Loewy-styled 1950 Studebaker Commander Regal as he cycled through the streets of Tarvisio in 1951.<ref name="eod-sacco">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref> Afterwards he could not get the car out of his head, and "knew [his] life had been decided."<ref name="herald-mail">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref>

After studying mechanical engineering at the Polytechnic University of Turin he attempted to seek work at the renowned Ghia and Pininfarina carrozzerie, before moving to Germany when his efforts proved unsuccessful.<ref name="eod-sacco"/> Daimler-Benz hired him as a stylist in 1958,<ref name="quintessential">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref> and although he intended to stay only briefly, his marriage to Berliner Annemarie lbe in 1959 and the birth of their daughter Marina the following year made him reassess his plans.<ref name="eod-sacco"/>

Sacco rose through the corporate ranks at Daimler-Benz over the next fifteen years, becoming chief engineer in 1974, before taking over from Friedrich Geiger as head of the Daimler-Benz styling center at Sindelfingen in 1975.<ref name="eod-sacco"/><ref name="halloffame">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref> For the next quarter century until he retired in 1999 he was responsible for the design of every Mercedes road car, bus, and truck.<ref name="whnet">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref> Among his numerous works are the C111 concept car, three successive iterations of the S-Class luxury car (the W126, W140, and W220), the 1989 SL convertible, the C-Class compact executive car, the 1984 and 1995 versions of the E-Class sedan, the CLK and SLK sports cars, and the M-Class luxury sport utility vehicle.<ref name="eod-sacco"/> His favourite design, because of its significance to the company, is the Mercedes-Benz 190 introduced in 1982, while he confesses dissatisfaction with the 1991 S-Class, which he considers to be "four inches too tall".<ref name="QandA">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref> In his retirement he has given up his old red SLK convertible in favour of a black Mercedes-Benz 560SEC coupé.<ref name="whnet"/><ref name="QandA"/>

Design themes

Template:Rquote It took several years for Sacco to fully understand the culture at Daimler-Benz, since by his own attestation there were no "written [styling or design] laws". After following the philosophy of company co-founder Gottlieb Daimler, 'Nothing but the best', he began to better appreciate the direction he should follow.<ref name="eod-sacco"/>

He has long advocated "horizontal-" and "vertical affinity", terms he uses to describe the continuity and homogeneity of Mercedes designs.<ref name="quintessential"/><ref name="whnet"/> Horizontal affinity is the common styling cues between different models in the manufacturer's range; there should be a strong visual relationship between the smallest and largest cars.<ref name="quintessential"/><ref name="inducted">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref> Vertical affinity is the requirement for cars not to be rendered stylistically obsolete by their successors, ensuring greater timelessness of design.<ref name="quintessential"/><ref name="inducted"/> Sacco felt this was of special importance to Mercedes, whose cars' reputation for longevity meant that their typical life cycle was 20 to 30 years.<ref name="eod-sacco"/><ref name="herald-mail"/><ref name="halloffame"/>

Awards

Sacco accumulated numerous awards and honours during his career; his overall body of work has been acknowledged by Car Magazine's "Designer's Designer" (1996) as chosen by forty of his peers,<ref name="whnet"/> the EyesOn Design Lifetime Achievement Award (1997),<ref name="brophy">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref> and the Raymond Loewy Foundation's Lucky Strike Designer Award (1997).<ref name="loewy">Template:Citation/core{{#if:|}}</ref> He was shortlisted as one of the 25 Car Designers of the Century in 1999, and was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame in 2006 and the European Automotive Hall of Fame in 2007.<ref name="halloffame"/><ref name="inducted"/>

In his homeland, He was awarded the Grand Official Order of Merit of the Republic in 1991,<ref name="whnet"/> and received an honorary doctorate from the University of Udine in 2002.<ref name="whnet"/>